Hot time canning is in full swing. For beginners hostesses will be useful to know how to sterilize jars, to save them, and tasty pickles or sweets could cheer a cold winter day. Will be important to consider the different ways of preparing the dishes for conservation.
Why sterilization of cans
Invisible to the human eye microorganisms live and reproduce in all subjects, including human, products. Once inside the banks with the workpiece, propagating, they start the fermentation process. Gradually, canned vegetables, fruit, meat begin to deteriorate, there is a swelling of the lid, starts the bloat banks. Failure to comply with the temperature conditions will happen in a few hours or days after seaming. Sterilization of cans in the home is achieved by heating to a high temperature at which the viability of the microorganisms is terminated.
Preparing dishes to pasteurisation
Poorly washed, but sterilized, banks will not bring a positive result, and canned foods stored for a long time can not. Before you begin the process of warming up, carefully examine the surface of glass containers. Cracks, even very small, will cause the excess heat from the Bank could burst. The edges of the neck can only be perfectly smooth. When the sealing cover should fit snugly to the surface, or trapped air inside the banks will contribute to the growth of microbes.
How sterilize jars empty
Banks thoroughly washed prior to laying products must undergo the process of sterilization. A few decades ago women used the only method of annealing glass containers. The Bank had to turn and put on the spout of the kettle with boiling water. The steam from the water acted detrimental to the microbes. Modern Housewives use different methods of sterilization of cans at home, which is to dwell and to take note of, since it is not necessary to fill the room with hot moist air.
Sterilization of cans in the microwave
Microwave help reheat or cook the food will be a helper during canning and pre-sterilization. For this clean banks put inside, pre-in each of them poured a little water (not more than 1 cm in height) or empty, but setting them next to a glass of liquid. To begin the process of evaporation, include the capacity of at least 700 watts for a few minutes.
The process time depends on the number and volume of containers, often missing 1-2 minutes. The downside is that most microwaves are not suitable in height for a three-liter jars. Plus – a large number of concurrently processed containers. Knowing how to sterilize jars in the microwave, the air in the kitchen will not preobrazhatsya and heat, which is important for summer.
In the oven
A large number of glass containers can be heated simultaneously, if you know how to sterilize jars in the oven. Well washed containers for preservation immediately put on the grid, not allowing the water to drain completely. Sterilization of the jars in the oven occurs when exposed to a temperature of 150-160 C. the process takes from 5 to 10 minutes until complete evaporation of the droplets of water from glass surfaces. Overexposed banks in the oven during a home sterilization is not necessary that the glass does not burst.
Vacationers who prefer to spend the summer months on his land, create a home environment for the rapid preservation of freshly harvested vegetables, berries, fruit. Not being able to install the oven or the microwave in the cottages, you can always find a way out of the situation. Popular electric convection ovens, will be suitable not only for cooking beef steaks outdoors, but will also help the Housewives to prepare the canned for the winter.
Small clean jars with a capacity of up to one liter to put on the lower grille. Exposed to a sterilization mode for about 12-15 minutes, will allow the glass container to warm up to 150 degrees. In aerogrill you can handle the cans dry with hot air or steam, adding a little water. Knowing this a way to sterilize jam jars, suitable for other types of conservation, it is very convenient for use at home, outdoors and has a lot of positive feedback.
In a slow cooker
Method of sterilization of cans in a slow cooker looks like a standard steaming. The bowl is filled with 400-700 ml of water and brought to a boil in the mode of «Steaming» or «Baking». Clean prepared jars up to 1 litre are installed on the basket with their necks down to steam without interruption. The sterilization process will take minimum 5 minutes or more based on the volume of glass containers.
In the dishwasher
Hostess with the kitchen dishwasher, evaluated the effectiveness and convenience of this technique. Another advantage will be the hint that the Assembly has the ability of sterilization of cans at home once more. This all prepared glass containers are loaded into the machine. To enable the mode with the maximum temperature and the process happens by itself. The woman freed time to engage in parallel with other preparations for canning.
How many minutes to sterilize jars for a couple
Sterilization time for a couple depends on the volume processed by the banks. Intensive evaporation of water has a detrimental effect on the microbes. 100% destruction of microorganisms is not possible, but sterilization designed to minimize the amount of bacteria inside the jar. For capacity of 0.4-0.5 liters will be sufficient 2 to 4 minutes. The greater the volume, the longer period of steam treatment. At home three-liter capacity sterilize up to 15 minutes.
How to sterilize jars with blanks
Sterilization of cans in the home takes place not only during training, but after laying in their products. There are conventional formulations where the additional heat treatment is not needed, but most Housewives for hedging their labors to eliminate the process of fermentation and bloat, put the filled cans sterilization. Here are some of the most affordable methods of heat treatment of blanks, how sterilize jars at home:
- The pre-treated dry cans to fill the prepared vegetables, jams, fruits.
- Following the recommendations of the recipe, pour the marinade, syrup.
- Set on a rotating plate to open cans does not interfere with the movement.
- Turn on the power 750 watt.
- After boiling, the content is sterilized for 2-3 minutes. Twist banks should be separately parboiled covers.
- Boiling water (autoclave).
- Banks that have already been sterilized, filled with a product intended for canning, are covered with lids that have been processed (use metal or glass).
- Capacity (sterilizer) with a larger diameter bottom, which is lined with a towel, poured water.
- Banks set to the bottom of the pan, which is used as the autoclave, at the rate of below water as high as possible covering the surface of the container, but when the boiling is not drawn into the products.
- Procedure of sterilization of cans with products observed according to a specified formula or on the basis of the General rules, where for a half-liter capacity recommended 10 minutes, increasing to 30 minutes for a three-liter.
- Home canned rolling start while they are still hot, turn down neck to cool down.
Video: how to sterilize jars and lids — ways