Inflammation of the skin called dermatitis (eczema). This disease is caused by internal or external agents and often develops on the background of stress or heredity. Universal therapy for all types of eczema not. The treatment of the disease depends on symptoms and pathogenesis.
Dermatitis – causes
Dermatitis is a skin reaction to various stimuli. All forms of the disease are the result of a triggered or acquired origin. Causes of dermatitis due to genetic predisposition:
- Heredity. In neonates inflammation of the skin in 50% of cases are the result of Allergy one parent.
- Acquired disposition. The disease develops on a background of defective immune system.
- Physical ill health. Under adverse conditions or with constant mental anxiety develops eczema.
- After suffering infections. Infectious dermatitis provoked disease, in the chronic form. It is not a contagious disease.
Acquired causes when the body is under the influence of pathogenic factors sore skin inflammation:
- contact with the blood of allergens (food, animal dander, plant pollen);
- solar radiation;
- prolonged exposure to the skin low temperature;
- corrosive liquid;
- insect bites.
Dermatitis – symptoms
Skin disease closely associated with allergic and inflammatory reactions, so the symptoms of dermatitis are characterized by chronic course and seasonal exacerbations. For most varieties of the disease, regardless of cause, characterized by the same symptoms. Mandatory symptoms of dermatitis:
- itching (prurigo), the intensity of which depends on the level of stimulation of nerve endings (especially with red skin);
- redness, which in the acute form of the disease is observed on the skin with indistinct edges and/or swelling;
- rashes, which particularly affected the skin over the joints, groin, face, sides of the torso, the scalp;
- exudation, which is characterized by thickening of the skin, xerosis, camerasony (excoriation), cracks in the skin;
- peeling skin (desquamation) due to increased dryness with insufficient sebaceous glands and dehydration;
- redness of the eyelids, burning eyes with eye dermatitis.
Atopic dermatitis – symptoms
Long, obstinate, but not a contagious disease. Its appearance is connected with heredity or allergic reaction. Atopic dermatitis sometimes develops on the background of disorders of the digestive system, intestinal dysbiosis, enzyme deficiency. In 90% of cases the first symptoms of atopic dermatitis occur in children (under 5 years). If any character of the rash is focal or diffuse pruritus. In infancy it has the appearance of vesicles (bubbles wet with crusts). In adult life – irritation, cracking of the dermis, focal lichenification.
Allergic dermatitis – symptoms
As the name implies, the development of this skin disease occurs after contact with different allergens. They can serve phototoxic substances (drugs, volatile small), cosmetics, solvents, alkali, acidic solutions or dry in the room. The main symptoms of atopic dermatitis in adults is a reddening of the dermis after exposure to the allergen. Further, this area becomes blistered and swollen, the bubbles burst and the skin peels off. How does a dermatitis of this type, you can look at photos on the Internet.
Contact dermatitis – symptoms
Food as dermatitis, is one type of allergic disease. Occurs after exposure to substances that cause inflammatory response. It can be chemical reagents, UV-light (photocontact or photodermatitis), x-ray radiation, high/low temperature or mechanical factors. Provoke skin reaction can stinging cells, pollen, plant SAP, caterpillar larvae. The main difference between this eczema – it has no incubation period. The symptoms of contact dermatitis:
- hemorrhage, mikrogematomy;
- pronounced redness;
- small papules, vesicles;
- oozing, scales, crusts;
- large blisters;
- zone of necrosis.
Seborrheic dermatitis – symptoms
Inflammation of the skin as a result of high allocation changed to fat, or after exposure to germs or fungus called seborrheic dermatitis. It is not a contagious disease and cannot be transmitted from person to person. The activity of conditionally pathogenic fungi manifested by stress, endocrine or immune disorders, various forms of damage to the nervous system. They focus on areas of the skin, the population of sebaceous glands: face, chest, back, ears, head. The symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis, which can be seen on a photo online:
- red plaques with distinct border (with dry dermatitis);
- high blood circulation in the dermal capillaries (erythema);
- moisture in the groin, behind the ears;
- cracks, serous crusts;
- exudative inflammation;
- itchy dermatitis;
- on the head is uneven, flaking, dandruff, alopecia;
- lose large areas of skin in severe cases;
- the occurrence of other types of eczema (dermatitis of the ear, etc.).
Nappy rash – symptoms
Often the photo of the baby you can see skin inflammation that develop in conditions of high humidity (under the diaper, in the diaper). When access of air is impeded and the skin friction in these places is adjudged ammonia, uric acid and the enzymes contained in urine and faeces. The child’s body reacts to them with irritation and other symptoms of nappy rash:
- redness, peeling;
Dermatitis – treatment
Completely cure dermatitis — symptoms and treatment depend on the type, quite real. For this it is necessary to adopt the adequate therapy to change diet and give up bad habits. Treatment of dermatitis involves the elimination of the stimulus, the destruction of harmful microorganisms, reception of sorbents, with the exception of sucrose, the use of special ointments and other measures.
Treatment of dermatitis in children
The main therapy is the elimination of the link with the allergen, the use of medicines, preventive measures. Used medicated shampoos, creams, drugs created on the basis of dexpanthenol (Bepanthen, Desitin). The child is additionally necessary vitamin for enhanced immunity. Treatment of dermatitis in children is the same as traditional methods.
Treatment of dermatitis in adults
Traditional therapeutic methods – is to identify the causes of the disease, personal hygiene, intake of anti-inflammatory and antihistamine drugs. If symptoms are expressed clearly, to the basic treatment of dermatitis in adults is added to hormonal therapy with corticosteroids (Dexamethasone, Prednisone). With a simple contact form of the disease the lesions are treated with hydrogen peroxide, a solution of potassium permanganate (weak) or alcohol.
Treatment of dermatitis
Local therapy is carried out with disinfectant lotions, powders, sunscreen agents corticosteroid aerosols, ointments. To the total drugs for the treatment of dermatitis include ascorbic acid, diuretics, chelators, potassium orotate, calcium, pangamate, calcium Pantothenate, and in severe cases neogemodez and corticosteroids.
Dermatitis treatment folk remedies
How to treat dermatitis using natural ingredients? You can make your own ointment to correct the pathology that is mixed in glycerin and juice of St. John’s wort (1:1) or with vaseline and the juice of cranberry (4:1). Dermatitis treatment folk remedies is at night. Ointment should be treated with the affected area and cover with gauze. Effective lotions of tincture of birch buds (1 tablespoon per Cup of boiling water). To apply the tools every day to eliminate the problem.
Diet for dermatitis
Menu with eczema should be limited. The main point of the diet for dermatitis is the distinction of food products according to their degree of allergenicity. It is important to remove from the diet of salty, fried, fatty, spicy foods, canned and processed foods. Better to use low Allergy products: Turkey, rabbit meat, zucchini, cabbage, green apples. Suitable srednekaloriynye products: pears, rice, carrots, bell peppers, eggplant, cucumbers, peaches. Should not be consumed during the diet foods with high allergenic activity:
- fatty meats;
- packaged juices.
Video: treatment of dermatitis