The liver is an important organ for humans. It removes toxins, produces proteins, fatty acids, vitamins, carbohydrates, cholesterol, glucose. The level of albumin in the blood indicates how well the liver performs its functions.
What is albumin
Blood consists of a yellowish liquid and formed elements. Plasma contains proteins, cations, minerals, anions, gaseous compounds produced by the organs and substances. Doctors to assess the level of osmotic pressure and of the liver prescribed a blood test for albumin – what is it and what are properties of matter, you will learn after reading the information below.
Albumin is the protein fraction that occupies 55-60% plasma. A high percentage of the element due to its functions. The substance supports the plasma pressure affects the volume of blood moving, transporting vitamins and not dissolved substances in the water. Large protein molecules hoard useful items consumed during fasting or blood loss.
This substance produced by the liver and is renewable. Doctors prescribe to treat serious diseases human albumin, synthesized from the plasma of healthy people. 20% solution of a substance increases colloid osmotic pressure 4 times, and intravascular pressure increases 2.5 times. The drug is required to replace the plasma, intravenous infusion.
Albumin – rate of blood
The element has a homogeneous structure, because instead quality take into account its concentration. As they grow older norm of albumin in the blood will change. Floor on the amount of protein is not affected. Analysis of the element content in the blood take in conjunction with liver samples. Normal are considered as indicators of protein (grams per liter):
- in children up to 14 years 50-54;
- in adults up to 60 years 32-53;
- in the elderly over 60 years – 40-46.
Increase or decrease the level of protein is associated with pathological processes occurring within the body. To deficiency of the element lead burns, bleeding, infectious disease, nephritis (high level of a substance in urine) and increased catabolism due to inflammation of internal organs. Cirrhosis of the liver, obesity, diabetes, vomiting, diarrhea, or a blockage of blood vessels provoke an increased production of protein and blood clots. Lowering protein is diagnosed by deliberate starvation.
The preparation obtained from blood plasma of humans and animals. The medicine Albumin has gained prominence in the whey. Greater efficiency in the treatment of low pressure and the elimination of various critical States shows the protein solution is administered with a dropper. The feed rate of the medication depends on the condition and age of the patient. The drug in powder form easily soluble in water. To combine with other drugs protein-based drug can not.
The substance is a light brown or yellowish liquid. A solution of Albumin prepared from plasma of human blood, separating it into fractions. The drug quickly increases blood pressure and restores the circulation of blood, the plasma pressure. After the introduction of the solution, the amount of tissue fluid the blood stream increases, which leads to better absorption of drugs. Introduce means of intravenous injections every 10-12 hours.
This form of the drug has a low efficiency. Albumin tablets is used to treat anemia, anemia and as a means of stabilizing pressure in elderly patients. Reduced the effectiveness of the tablets due to membrane stability of erythrocytes. Medicines solid dosage split duodenum by 50 percent. One tablet contains excipients to accelerate the absorption of the element.
Albumin black food
Hematogen began producing the Soviet pharmaceutical factories in the 1930s. The taste of the drug similar to the famous candy «iris». According to instructions its composition contains albumin black, mixed with condensed milk and sugar syrup. In nature a large amount of this element stored the egg whites, beef and potatoes. The tool has a low price, so it is prescribed for the prevention of anemia. To increase the therapeutic effect of the extract, its composition is enriched with iron sulfate.
Food albumin is obtained from blood of cattle, previous treatments of degreasing. To stabilize the elements use polyphosphates. Substance includes amino acids, carbohydrates and fats. Minus the bovine protein is the high content of allergens in erythrocytes of animals. Long-term use of the adults appear itching, swelling, rashes on the skin. Add some medicine to the daily diet only on the advice of a doctor.
Albumin – indications
The drug is prescribed if the patient is diagnosed with anemia, anemia, gastritis, stomach ulcers and other gastrointestinal diseases. Indications for use of albumin:
- operation maintenance of artificial circulation;
- acute blood loss;
- swelling of the brain;
- liver disease;
- extracorporeal plasmapheresis and other procedures;
- kidney disease;
- the pressure of the blood serum is below 15 mm. Hg.St.;
- pregnancy (doctor’s advice);
- purulent-septic diseases.
Substance albumin need cautious use to patients with hypertension, cardiac or renal insufficiency. Do not use the medicine, if a person has a hypersensitivity to protein, thrombosis, pulmonary edema, increased volume of circulating blood/plasma. According to instructions the product should not be mixed with amino acid solutions, mixtures on the basis of hydrolysis of protein, and alcohol drugs.
The price of Albumin
The cost of funds is determined by its concentration, purity and form of production. These characteristics are specified in the instructions and on the packaging of medications. The average price of a 10% solution of the substance is 1700 rubles. Supplements with protein can be purchased for 2000-2500 roubles. The price of a 20% solution of the medication ranges from 3200 to 5000 rubles. 5% of the means for injection is 800-900 rubles. To buy the drug at the pharmacy, providing prescription from a physician.
Video: albumin in Hematogen