According to statistics purulent mastitis refers to common infectious diseases. It knows about almost every woman. Face of the fair sex with him mainly during lactation. Consider the violation in detail, highlight the forms, causes and methods of treatment.
Suppurative mastitis symptoms
In order to exclude the disease in time and to seek needed medical help, a woman should know the signs of a purulent mastitis. It should be noted that the symptoms of disorders directly dependent on the stage of the process: serous, infiltrative, suppurative. When first observed:
- soreness and heaviness in the gland;
- the increase in body temperature to 38, chills;
- the increase in prostate size;
- flushing of the skin.
At the transition of the disease in the stage of infiltration in the gland indicated the formation is dense to the touch, does not cause pain on palpation. A distinctive feature is the lack of clear boundaries, the so-called areas of softening. With an increase in symptoms, complication of process the lactose (violation of the outflow of breast milk), the body temperature rises, it becomes more 38, the seal causes the feeling of pain is generated in the precise education in which center there is a softened area. In some cases it may come from the formation of several abscesses honeycomb (infiltrative-abscessing form).
Purulent lactation mastitis
Doctors say that this form of abuse as purulent mastitis, breastfeeding more often is recorded. Thus, in most cases dealing with it have for the first time women have given birth to the baby. Among the main reasons for the development of such a phenomenon is called lactose and delayed his treatment. The development of the disease is noted after 2-3 weeks of delivery. The signs of the disease are:
- bloating and swelling of the glands;
- redness of the breast;
- increase bust size;
- high temperature.
Relaksatsionnye purulent mastitis
This form of purulent mastitis is characterized by the absence of severe symptoms, the clinical picture. The doctors on the question of how to determine purulent mastitis, the answer is that in the foreground itself is the underlying disease, a carbuncle or boil. This provokes inflammation purulent character in the prostate. Found this form 4 times less likely to lactation. Provocative factors for its development are:
- injuries of the breast;
- purulent-inflammatory diseases (microbic eczema, carbuncle, furuncle);
- benign growths in the breast (fibroadenoma, papilloma milk duct);
- malignant processes;
- specific infections of the breast — tuberculosis, actinomycosis.
Chronic suppurative mastitis (relaksatsionnye)
This form of abuse, as chronic suppurative mastitis develops as a result of ineffective, local treatment of the disease. Health & well-being women satisfactory:
- a small increase in body temperature – 37,5;
- the presence of not painful small breast lump;
- the increase in prostate volume;
- inflamed and enlarged regional lymph nodes.
The stage of purulent-inflammatory process in mastitis
Purulent mastitis does not develop simultaneously. Symptoms increases gradually. Doctors distinguish the following stages of the inflammatory process:
First noted in the early stages of the formation of violations begins in 2-4 days from infection in the gland. First, the woman said, a slight rise in temperature that is accompanied by a weak pain in the chest, bloating, increase in volume. Directly so begins a acute purulent mastitis. Symptoms gradually increasing in connection with the ongoing breastfeeding or pumping sessions milk.
After 2-3 days of chest marked infiltration — inflammation area, with the seal having fuzzy boundaries. Progression of education increases in size, the woman’s condition deteriorates. Fever is an essential feature of violations. Over time, palpation of the breast doctors talk about fluctuations — the presence in the formed region of inflammation of pus that is clearly definable. Starts purulent stage.
Purulent mastitis causes
Lactation form of violation, as the name implies, is formed exclusively breastfeeding. If this type of disease is clear, then in order to establish why relaksatsionnye constantly inflamed purulent mastitis, doctors have to conduct a comprehensive examination. Among the main causes of the disease are commonly distinguished:
- physiological post-menopausal, the time of puberty;
- pathological – diseases of the mammary glands, accompanied by the reduction of protective forces of organism;
- infection of surgical wounds on hardware (after removal of the tumor);
- chest trauma with compression.
Purulent mastitis treatment
The therapeutic process of a disease such as purulent mastitis, can be carried out conservative treatment or radical. The choice of method of treatment depends on the stage of breach, severity of symptoms, the General condition of the patient, the presence or absence of chronic diseases. After issuing the diagnosis of «acute purulent mastitis» what to do with him, doctors determined on the basis of the survey data. The therapy is based on using:
- antibacterial drugs;
- compliance with the feeding regime (in normal form);
- preventive measures.
Purulent mastitis — operation
Surgery is the main method of treatment of such inflammatory process. Treatment of purulent mastitis in the later stages is carried out exclusively in this way. The opening of the abscess takes place under General anesthesia. The removal of the purulent contents is performed through a small puncture. In the presence of multiple lesions, you need abdominal incision, the surgeon makes some incisions, and then performs a lavage of the cavity, the sutures. The operation can be performed and the method of drainage introduction drainage of abscess, aspiration of pus and subsequent washing.
Treatment of purulent mastitis without surgery
It must be said that this variant of the therapeutic effects for example in the serous stage. When there is rapid clinical picture, the presence of infiltrative formations, exposed «purulent mastitis» — treatment without surgery is not feasible. Therapy by taking medications, may be carried out in normal form, coupled with lactose. In this case assign:
- antibacterial drugs — Osmapac, Hiconcil, flemoksin, Noted;
- antihistamines – Suprastin;
- ultrasound or UHF therapy.
Purulent mastitis — treatment of folk remedies
When the woman observed suppurative mastitis, the treatment at home, it is difficult to carry out. Thus, before treatment in the clinic, the purpose of therapeutic drugs, it is possible to use traditional methods that facilitate well-being but do not cure the purulent mastitis. Among them:
Purulent mastitis during breastfeeding — treatment
Disease during pregnancy due to violation of the outflow of synthesized breast milk. In this case, the treatment is to carry out regular pumping sessions. Implement them every 3 hours. While mom was interested in the question regarding whether you can feed the baby with mastitis purulent. When there is infiltration, the disease caused by infectious focus in the body to give the baby Express milk is prohibited. Doctors recommend to translate to artificial feeding. In exceptional cases the use of breast milk which is subjected to heat treatment.