The news about the imminent appearance of a baby, not all women become joyful. Due to various reasons many people decide to get rid of the baby. Let us consider this situation, we call all types of abortion, give a characterization of each method.
What types of abortions are there?
Before you make a final decision, a woman should think. Such manipulation is fraught with consequences from the reproductive system many girls, moving the termination of a pregnancy may have difficulties conceiving. If the decision is made, you must contact the medical institution where you can get information about the types of abortions and their timing. Among the existing methods of interruption of pregnancy it is worth noting:
- medical abortion — is done by medication kills the embryo and expelling the fertilized egg to the outside;
- vacuum aspiration (mini-abortion) – manipulation is carried out using the aspirator, acting on the principle of vacuum;
- the surgical technique (curettage) is performed using special tools to cleanse the uterine cavity.
Types of abortion in the early stages
It should be noted that the abort procedure is already feasible with a 3-week period — a time when in the uterine cavity can be detected the fetus using ultrasound. Talking about the types of abortion in the early stages, it is necessary first to note megaport. Advantages it is the complete absence of hardware or surgery in the reproductive system. By the use of special medicines. The effectiveness of manipulation — 98%.
Method vacuum aspiration involves the withdrawal of the uterine cavity the ovum by means of special devices. By the time the procedure lasts no more than 10 minutes. Refers to surgical techniques, but is forgiving of those. Feasible in the early stages of gestation until the egg is strongly entrenched in the endometrium. The method can be used as a supplementing is performed after medical abortion to confirm the complete expulsion of the embryo, with the aim of eliminating the remaining tissue.
How is medical abortion?
Among all the existing types of abortion, this is recognized as the safest form of abortion. Has a minimum of impact, requires no special equipment and clinical conditions. This is carried out only within the walls of medical institutions, under the supervision and control of physicians. There are a number of drugs that can be used in this procedure. The classic option is the use of Mifepristone.
Before taking the medicine the doctor performs the ultrasound, evaluates the condition of the patient. Then signed a document agreeing to the abortion. Under the supervision of, the woman takes the drug. After 3-4 hours the patient, making sure there are no complications, doctors are allowed to leave the clinic. After 3-5 days there will be a new reception with an examination of the uterine cavity and assessment of manipulation.
Medical abortion – time
Decided to conduct the abortion, the girl asks a lot of questions. Hoping for medical abortion up to how many weeks it is done – she knows not always. The main task of doctors in this method is the accurate identification of gestational age. It can be set on the basis of ultrasound examination. This method of getting rid of the baby is applicable to 5 weeks inclusive, and in some cases can be carried out and on the 6th week.
Medical abortion — implications
Even with low morbidity, a small risk of complications, it is not always possible to carry out a medical abortion, contraindications to the implementation of which follows:
- long period of pregnancy (more than 6 weeks);
- anatomical abnormalities in the structure of the reproductive system;
- intolerance to hormones.
In addition, doctors often fear being accepted for this method of termination of pregnancy because of possible negative consequences, including:
- incomplete interruption of gestation and further progression of pregnancy – it is noted that if the rejection of the ovum does not occur;
- uterine bleeding;
- severe pain in the lower abdomen;
- severe nausea and vomiting.
How to make a vacuum abortion?
Thinking about methods of getting rid of the baby, the woman asks a question about how to make a vacuum abortion. This surgical procedure requires some training. This is carried out using anesthesia, often the total. In this case, the woman must eliminate meal after 12 midnight prior to surgery.
The procedure itself, as well as other types of abortions performed in the gynecological chair, by vacuum suction. The tip of the apparatus is injected into the uterine cavity. Pre-installed mirror extenders are used for disclosure of uterine cervix. Moving the tip in the cavity, the doctor removes its contents. Within a few hours of patient watching, and then she leaves the clinic.
Mini-abortion — time
The time of the procedure is a determining factor when choosing a method of abortion. Often women wanting to get rid of the baby, are you searching for information about mini-abortion: up to how many weeks it is that interests them. This method is feasible solely at low gestational ages. It is held when from the moment of conception it’s been less than 14 weeks.
Vacuum abortion — the consequences
Due to the fact that this method applies to small surgical procedures, it is not always possible to vacuum abortion contraindications to the implementation of which follows:
- ectopic pregnancy;
- infection in the body at any location;
- sharp and organic processes in organs of small pelvis;
- disruption of the blood coagulation system;
- with previous abortion less than 6 months;
- more than 5 weeks;
- congenital and acquired abnormalities of the uterus.
Among the consequences of such manipulation is called:
- incomplete removal of the fetus from the uterine cavity;
- injury to the walls of the body;
- strong uterine bleeding.
How to do a surgical abortion?
Before assigning this kind of operation the woman will have a comprehensive examination. It includes:
- gynecological examination with PAP smears;
- analysis of the level of HCG;
- blood tests: CBC, hepatitis, syphilis, blood group and RH factor.
A surgical abortion is performed under General anesthesia, which is carried out intravenously. After the introduction of mirrors, the use of the extender, enter spec. tools. They are destroying the fabric of the embryo, take it from the uterine wall. With the help of a curette, the doctor makes a scraping of the contents of the uterus out. Before closing, the surgeon confirms the absence of tissues in the cavity. For reliability, use a vacuum. The entire manipulation of 20-30 minutes 100% efficiency.
Surgical abortion — time
Considering the types of abortion, it should be noted that this method can be used on long periods of gestation. It requires medical prescription. Surgical abortion in the later stages is carried out in cases of violation of fetal development, the sinking of pregnancy, fetal death. While it is held in the period 6-22 weeks, exclusively in stationary conditions, in the presence of special equipment and qualified medical staff.
Effects of surgical abortion
Method is a kind of surgery, so it is not always possible to carry out surgical abortion contraindications to which:
- violation of the cardiovascular system;
- violation of cerebral circulation;
- chronic and acute infectious diseases.
Doctors tend not to use this method of abortion because of the great risk of possible complications, including:
- injury uterine machines;
- inflammatory diseases (parametritis, endometritis, salpingitis, etc.);
- the entry of infection;
- irregular menstruation, secondary infertility.
What kind of abortion safer?
Fearing the consequences of the procedure, trying to reduce them, women often ponder what is the safest form of abortion exists at the moment. The doctors do not give a clear answer — all kinds of interruption of pregnancy have their drawbacks. The choice of method depends on many factors, the predominant are:
- the presence of chronic diseases;
- aggravating factors — diseases of the reproductive system, the availability of abortion in the past.
Talking about types of abortion, the safest doctors recognize the medical termination of gestation. Proper organization of the process, the choice of drug and the time of the manipulation lead to high efficiency of the method. The main drawback for women is the inadmissibility of the use of independently. It is held exclusively in the medclinic.