Different veneer from the MDF?

An inexperienced person it is difficult to understand the abundance of modern finishing materials. Meanwhile, in some cases, to understand is necessary, especially if you are going to do repairs and rely mainly on their strength. Consider one specific example – different veneer from the MDF, and that these materials have in common?

The content of the article

What are veneer and MDF

MDFis a plate obtained by pressing wood chips under high pressure and temperature. To give a material strength in the chips added to urea resins. The acronym MDF (MDF) значитMediumDensityFibreboard, or in Russian – fibreboard of medium hardness. A pioneer in its production were the United States, mastered industrial production of the new material in 1966.

The difference varies from MDF primarily in the fact that this woodworking product is a thin (0.1–10 mm) sheet of wood, which is made in two ways: the first is called planing, the second is peeling. The difference in the following: sliced veneer is produced by planing wooden bars and peeled – removing a thin layer of wood from the log on a special machine. This machine – specific Assembly like a large lathe, where the log with a knife removed the thin sheet. The width of the sheet is equal to the length of the log and its length is determined by the thickness of the logs and the thickness of the veneer. In practice, especially long pieces of peeled veneer is not economical to cut it into blanks of the desired size and put for further processing. Here it is necessary to clarify: historically, the first method of manufacturing the veneer was cutting, but later invented a more technologically advanced methods of production planing first, and then the peeling.

to table of contents ↑the Difference between veneer and MDF

Applications veneers and MDF, given the different properties of these materials are slightly different. Veneers have two main «sectors of responsibility»: the production of plywood and decorative coating for furniture. Plywood veneer is the less valuable woods, but for furniture – more expensive: rosewood veneer, Karelian birch, ebony and so on. Thick veneer is also used for the manufacture of matches, musical instruments, and in some other areas.

The scope of the MDF and materials based on it intersects with the scope of the veneer only in the most General terms: for example, wall panels or the laminate made of MDF panels can be laminated, not plastic (as usual), and veneer – however, this applies only to an elite segment of the market of finishing materials. In addition, the MDF used in the manufacture of speaker cabinets, in the manufacture of furniture and facade panels. In China from MDF doing packaging and gift boxes (in other countries this area of application developed MDF is much weaker). By the way, MDF panels, in some cases, compete with particleboard (chipboard). Wood particle Board has lower cost, but MDF is winning due to ease of processing and absence of environmentally unfriendly formaldehyde resin, which is used in the production of particleboard.

to content ↑Comparative table

The following table summarizes the difference between veneer and MDF.


What is
A thin sheet of wood (0.1–10 mm)
MDF (MediumDensityFibreboard) – fibreboard of medium hardness

A method of manufacturing

  • Sawing (historically the first method, now almost not used).
  • Planing.
  • Peeling
  • Pressing wood chips under vasocidin and temperature with the use of carbamide resins


  • Manufacturer of plywood.
  • Veneer of expensive sorts of wood used for decorative purposes, primarily for furniture.
  • Thick veneer is used to make matches, musical instruments and for some other purposes

  • The production of wall and facade panels.
  • Manufacturer of laminate flooring.
  • The manufacture of furniture.
  • Manufacturer of speaker cabinets.
  • Manufacturing packaging
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