From each airport there is an airport, but not every airport has an airport. Let’s see what distinguishes the airport from the airport, and what are the different types of each? Let’s start with the fact that the composition of both words is the Greek «Aero» (in its complete form would be «Aeros»), which means «air».
The content of the article
- Which came first – the airport or airstrip?
- The difference between airport and airport
- Comparison table
Which came first – the airport or airstrip?
The word airport hard compound, and also to the Greek «Aero» (air) it includes the port (Portus) – Marina, the harbour (also Greek). That is, air or harbour air docks. The second part of the airfield – «Drome» (dromos) means street, or road, that is, the airport is «air road». Both concepts are closely linked but not identical.
Airfields appeared almost simultaneously with the first aircraft, or aeroplanes, as they were called. Initially for takeoff winged machines were used, just flat terrain, but soon come to understand that they need to equip. The first airfield of Russia became the Gatchina airfield near St. Petersburg (1908), and the second came from Moscow on the site of the notorious Khodynka field, where in 1896, the stampede in the festivities for the coronation of Nicholas II killed nearly fifteen thousand people. Officially the Khodynka airfield was opened in 1910 and lasted until 2003 (under the name of M. V. Frunze).
Unlike the airport from the airfield is that the first is a complex of buildings and structures designed for sending, receiving, and maintenance (maintenance, refueling, and so on) aircraft. Among its buildings and structures are:
- the tarmac;
- freight terminals;
- one or more terminals (specialized structures for receiving, sending and stay of passengers).
to table of contents ↑the Difference between airport and airport
The airfield is a complex of buildings and specialized equipment for the takeoff and landing of aircraft located at the airfield, consisting of runways (runway) and Parking and driving (output on the runway) aircraft. Are a special case of airfields for the reception of seaplanes. The runway in the usual sense they have, for takeoff and landing uses the water surface. Classification of airfields is carried out in several ways: by type of ownership (private, public, departmental etc.), on purpose, for ability to accommodate aircraft of different types, and so on. Choose the classification «on purpose» because it provides the most visual representation of modern airfields.
- civil (take passenger and cargo aircraft); there are different classes of airfields, characterizing the possibility of receiving aircraft of different capacities;
- military, intended for deployment of aviation of the Ministry of defence or Ministry of emergency situations;
- educational; designed for training military pilots, navigators and aircraft, are combined with military airfields;
- sports; intended to engage in aviation and parachuting.
Airport, presenting a complex, where the airfield is just one of the buildings is also classified in several ways. Most often used classification in terms of passenger traffic for the year. There are five classes:
- I – from 7 to 10 million people a year;
- II – from 4 to 7 million;
- III – from 2 to 4 million;
- IV – from 500 thousand to 2 million;
- V – from 100 to 500 thousand.
If the airport carries a year less than 100 thousand passengers, it is considered unclassified if more than 10 million – non-class.
to content ↑Comparative table
The following table summarizes the difference between the airport and the airfield. Classification is given on the most visible areas; in addition, there is another division – accepted ships to collect in difficult weather conditions, the type of runway and so on.
The complex of buildings intended for reception, administration, maintenance, and refueling aircraft, as well as for the arrival, departure and stay of passengers
The complex of buildings for the takeoff, landing, maintenance, maintenance and refueling of aircraft
What types are
Airports number of passengers (from 100 million passengers to 10 million) divided into five classes. If passengers less than 100 thousand, it is unclassified airports, if more than 10 million – non-class