The root is galactagogue, increasing milk yield in cows and goats. Fodder beet is happy to eat dwarf rabbits and other small livestock. Any harm the root is not harmful, on the contrary, in winter, it completely fills the animals ‘ needs in vitamins.
It is a perennial plant of the Amaranth family, built in useful culture in Asia. In Russia it is grown for decades and serves as food for livestock. Buryak feed high-yielding varieties, maturing in 90 to 100 days after emergence. Formation is faster in the warm weather. The length of the root up to 20 cm Vegetable has a conical shape, large size, smooth surface. Colour – yellow with green head. The flesh is juicy, weighing up to a kilogram. Under ground vegetable is recessed by 1/2 — 1/3, and therefore easily picked out. Has a high yield and almost no blooms.
Unlike sugar beet fodder
The value of fodder beet is a large amount of pectin and mineral substances, vitamins and carbohydrates. Its leaves contain proteins almost 16% higher than conventional cereals. Unlike the fodder beet from the sugar that it is almost not grown in the areas. It makes no sense, since sugar beet tastier and more suitable for cooking. Cultures differ in the external data. The sugar varieties the leaves are much longer, grow petioles light green color. Forage varieties have heart-shaped leaves with a smooth shiny surface.
The yield of fodder beets with 1 ha
As the field of culture, it is considered an excellent precursor for cereals. Makes the soil fertile, clears the field from weeds. Of the many other cultivated crops give the highest result in the harvest of 1 ha. Yields of fodder beet are ensured full use of the vegetation period and resistance to the adverse effects to the environment. Its original productivity with proper care may be different yields. Gives figures 12-13, 000 roots / hectare. It is important that culture gives good results consistently every year.
Varieties of fodder beet
Of the older varieties rounded shape is still in demand:
- Poltava white
- Poltava fodder,
- Centaur Poly,
- Uman fodder culture.
There are new varieties-winners, giving high yields and resistant to disease. These are the varieties of fodder beet:
- Ekkendorfskaya yellow beets;
They have become popular due to its melocotones and high yields. Have the usual yellow fruit oblong-oval. No less popular and such varieties of culture, as:
- Vermont – seeded hybrid for the Central region. Can vary the cylindrical shape of the fruit is of medium length and width. The yield is about 800 kg/ha.
- Starman — has a conical root is yellow in colour. Its yield is nearly 700 kg/ha. low productivity at Jasmine, less than 85 kg/ha.
- The ideal CRIS – bred by crossing a Golden Tankard with Ekkendorfskaya yellow. The root has a cylindrical shape and yellow color.
Technology of cultivation of fodder beet
For planting culture requires highly fertile soil cleared of weeds. Take into account the crop rotation. Take the plots which had previously grown winter grains, annual grasses or row crops. To obtain a high yield, cultivation technology of fodder beet involves fertilization from 20 to 40 t/ha. it is Especially relevant for agricultural soils. Application of organic and mineral increases productivity by 30%. The lime must be paid before stubbling, and the superphosphate before deep ploughing.
Fodder beet – growing
To plant fodder beets before, at the end of March – beginning of April. The cultivation is carried out on a warmed-up to 5 With the ground, then rise the seeds will begin in 2 weeks. The soil is treated with herbicides and pesticides against weeds. Before sowing the seeds of fodder beet is treated against pests. The depth of holes or grooves on the bed is 5 cm row Spacing, up to half a meter. The distance between plants is 25 cm Growing fodder beet include two tillage harrow. If necessary, weeding is carried out. The first watering after thinning, then as needed.
The fodder beet harvesting
The best time for harvesting fodder beet – end of September — beginning of October. For this purpose there are special Korporaciya machine. Vegetables of 10 rows with your hands placed tape meter width and 30 cm in height. Tops clipped by the mower. Can be used potato, sociopathetic and other equipment. There is a production method of cleaning in two stages. First, cut the leaves, then dig the vegetables and immediately loaded. Lawn mower set to leave a petiole up to 4 cm For cleaning use a special Assembly.
Storing fodder beet
The right temperature is one of the main storage conditions. Under any circumstances it should not exceed 2-3 With, and to fall below 0 C. In the first case the root will sprout, and the second will freeze. Storing fodder beet safer to make in the sides of the hill. Width side takes from 2.5 to 3 m, height of 1.2 to 1.5 m long, to 30 cm above the shelter made of straw with a thickness of not less than 60 cm More vegetables dumped in a special store that has ventilation and is maintained at a special temperature.
Video: fodder beet cultivation and care