During the day derived from the human body decomposition products, together with urine, which contains water only 95%. Any healthy person watching their state of health, obliged twice a year to take common tests to monitor the kidneys when calcium oxalate salts in urine exceeds the norm.
What are oxalates
Present in urine salts of oxalic acid, like hundreds of other chemical substances – this is the oxalates. They appear inside the body through complex biochemical processes and, along with plant foods. Oxalate salts are divided into these types: ammonium oxalate, calcium oxalate, potassium, sodium. An increased amount indicates the symptoms of kidney disease.
Oxalates in the urine — what does this mean
There are indicators the normal acidity of urine (pH 5-7), which indicate the healthy function of the kidneys for excretion from the human body of food metabolism. During laboratory tests according to the formula of the daily value of urine its density and the presence of salts, can be detected by oxalate stones. Sedimentation of a large number of crystals of oxalic acid leads to the formation inside the kidneys of sand and stones.
Oxalates in the urine of the child
Increasingly began to detect the occurrence of increased amounts of salts in the urine of newborn babies in the first days of life. Congenital genetic changes can lead to oxaluria in infants age starts to progress quickly, and for a short time to form stones inside the bladder. Tissue changes kidney provoke vascular insufficiency in a child.
The increased amount of oxalates in the capture of the General analysis in infants may indicate a malfunction of the small intestine, its ability to adsorb bile acids. In children aged 6 years and adolescents oxaluria indicates a large consumption of food containing acid above the required standard, which requires supervision by parents.
Oxalates in the urine during pregnancy
Expectant mothers sometimes excessive attempt to saturate the body with vitamins, while consuming vegetables and fruits in unlimited quantities. The excess of acid salts triggers the process that at the time of delivery of the analysis shows that oxalates in the urine in pregnant women are above the norm. The phenomenon is exacerbated by the fact that trying to consume less fluids to avoid edema, women increased concentration of urine, increases the rate of oxalate. Violation of the standards has a negative impact on formation of health of the child.
Oxalates in the urine causes
To oxalates were indicators above normal, necessary preconditions. Doctors call such causes of oxalates in the urine, caused by an unbalanced diet, eating lots of foods that contain oxalic acid. Some diseases can provoke the emergence of excess oxalate salts is Crohn’s disease, pyelonephritis, diabetes, poisoning with ethylene glycol, which is contained within the brake fluid or as a component of radiator antifreeze.
The human body itself is also capable of producing a certain amount of oxalic acid within the small intestine, due to the splitting of which there are calcium salts in the urine. Oxidation of vitamin C, which is in part consumed, but especially synthetic analogue, leads to biochemical reactions, which includes the exchange processes and the number of oxalate deposits increased.
Diet oxalates in the urine
What to do to in a laboratory test to detect calcium oxalate crystals in the urine above normal? The doctor will stop the first and most important is diet when oxaluria, which is part of the treatment process. Maintenance menu various cereals, lean meat, boiled fish, poultry, the use of cabbage dishes, pickles, apricots, bananas. To obtain a positive treatment outcome is needed from the diet to exclude or limit to a minimum these products, where excessively contains oxalic acid:
- pine nuts;
- cashews, almonds, peanuts;
- red currant;
- green pepper;
- potatoes and dishes containing potato;
- strong tea and coffee, cocoa;
- sunflower seeds;
- beans and all legumes;
Oxalates in the urine — treatment
Referring if necessary to the doctor-nephrologist, you need to closely follow his medical recommendations. Treatment with oxalates in the urine is directly dependent on drinking mode of human being. Adult daily rate at elevated salt concentrations should reach 2-2,5 liters of purified water. Of the medications effective vitamin B6 and Magnesium, which will help to normalize the process of excretion of oxalic acid and get rid of stone formation inside the kidneys.
Thus it is necessary to monitor the level of hemoglobin. To prevent crystallization of salts is appointed citric acid potassium (potassium Citrate) and Asparkam. To treat kidney stones using traditional medicine. In order to withdraw the excess salts, recommends drinking diuretic herbal teas, corn stigmas, knotweed, horsetail, peppermint, wild strawberry leaves, cranberries. The daily rate of boiled water grass no more than 200-250 ml, which is infused 20-25 minutes.
Video: oxalates in the kidneys