Pneumatosis of the intestine — signs and symptoms, treatment and diet for children or adults

Pneumaticaly bowel or diverticulosis of the colon, small intestine pain in all age groups. Pathology in the gastrointestinal tract, usually accompanied by unpleasant symptoms, and is not an independent disease. As pneumatosis occurs and how to treat it?

What is pneumatosis increased

Increased pneumatization of the intestine occurs due to injury to the sheath of the colon, the small intestine. The walls become thinner, opening the way for the gases and air. Inside the shell appear cysts or cavities, which are accompanied by symptoms and threatening complications. If we consider the intestine from the inside, the walls are covered with bubbles. Among the pathological types of the syndrome are distinguished: common in the intestine, limited, pneumatosis of the colon, the ileum part of the intestine, ileocecal area (the area of abundant reproduction of microorganisms).

Pronounced intestinal pneumatosis

Isolated bubbles are formed in inflammatory processes in the intestine, not so terrible, but if all the walls will suffer the same fate, there can be overlap of the lumen of the intestine. This painful condition is called «hyperpreterists» and is a severe stage of pneumatosis when the General symptoms of diverticulosis is the inflammation of the organ. Hyperpneumatization bowel syndrome occurs when the intestinal obstruction. The process is characterized by impaired motor skills of the body and problems with the throughput of food through the digestive tract.

Causes of intestinal pneumatosis

Pneumatosis of the bowel loops is formed because of the accumulation of gases and the impossibility of their absorption in the blood. Thus, the gas clusters are not displayed, forming an air cavity on the mucous membrane of the intestine. Other factors in the development of pathologies is the infiltration of air from the stomach into the bowel wall and abnormal development of lymphatic capillaries. Other causes of pneumatosis:

  • lesions of the colon and small intestine due to a severe infectious disease of the intestine, in which gas is a product of vital activity of pathogenic microbes and remains in the damaged walls of the body (Proteus, E. coli);
  • low mobility children at an early age;
  • gases are not removed through natural openings;
  • violation of peristalsis;
  • intestinal obstruction;
  • intestinal cramping;
  • the increase in intra-abdominal pressure.

Intestinal pneumatosis in a child

Pathology found in children with intestinal obstruction after the operation. Pronounced intestinal pneumatosis in a child affects the tone and reduces the motility of intestine. In infants this disease may occur due to low mobility or pathology of the gastrointestinal tract. Upon detection of a large accumulation of gases in the abdominal cavity during ultrasound, pediatrician, or gastroenterologist prescribes the medicines that reduce gazotoplivnoy to avoid serious complications, and massage.

Pneumatosis of the intestine in pregnancy

Intestinal emphysema, pneumatosis during pregnancy, occurs due to a failure of the gastrointestinal tract or diseases such as colitis or enteritis. In pregnant women, in the event of this disease may appear the question of how the pathology will affect the health of the unborn baby? Located in diverticulosis coli during childbirth may enter the body of the newborn, which threatens the development of meningitis. Therefore, if the source of pneumatosis are pathogenic bacteria, it is better to start early treatment to avoid the possible consequences.

Symptoms of intestinal pneumatosis

The main manifestation of the clinical picture in this disease as diverticulosis intestinal loops is excessive gas or flatulence. The severity of symptoms depends on the degree distribution of gas bubbles (air cavities and cysts) on the mucous membranes in the intestinal region. But how to distinguish normal from flatulence gastrointestinal pathology, can lead to peritonitis? The main features of pneumatosis of the intestine:

  • the stretching of the walls is felt as a discomfort in the intestinal area;
  • colic;
  • vomiting;
  • nausea;
  • skin pallor;
  • belching;
  • pain cramping nature;
  • the problems with evacuation (constipation or diarrhea);
  • intestinal obstruction develops as a result of the overlap of the lumen of the cysts;
  • in peritonitis there is a sharp deterioration of health, severe abdominal pain.

Diagnosis of pneumatosis

How to detect pneumatosis of the colon and small? Unfortunately, diagnosis of diverticulosis is difficult because of nespecificnomu symptoms of pathology. Mainly cause diseases are the other problems of the gastrointestinal tract. Among the methods of diagnostics are distinguished: x-ray, ultrasound, endoscopy (colonoscopy), palpation. How best to diagnose pathology? The most effective method is endoscopic examination, which can hold the doctors to confirm the diagnosis of intestinal emphysema after x-rays with contrast material.

Pneumatosis of the bowel on ultrasound

One of the methods for the detection of diverticulosis is ultrasound. Randomly doctor for an ultrasound of small or large intestine may detect the accumulation of gases of different etiologies. Pneumatosis of the bowel on ultrasound is diagnosed if to examine the gastrointestinal tract or abdominal cavity. Ultrasonic examination is carried out on an empty stomach, 2 days before the procedure to exclude foods that lead to gas production: raw vegetables, beans, milk, black bread.

Palpation of the intestine

In some cases, the gastroenterologist can detect the patient has diverticulosis without conducting laboratory techniques, by palpation of the abdomen. This happens rarely, but is possible: the air bubbles in the intestinal region can be felt. The active palpation of the intestines revealed a cyst-pouch. These cysts are strings, in the feeling you can hear the sound of bursting of gas and air bubbles.

How to treat intestinal pneumatosis

Life-threatening inflammation in the pathology of the intestinal loops is considered to be peritonitis, in which the gases penetrate into the abdominal cavity due to a ruptured colon due to the increased pressure gazoobrazovania. Timely treatment of intestinal pneumatosis and a special meal will save from the consequences. Basically, are the therapeutic measures of the main diseases that cause trauma to the intestinal wall because of intestinal emphysema is a secondary process.

In children of early age intestinal infections are treated with antibiotics acting on the basis of results of bacterial culture and antiseptics. Intestinal spasm is shown taking antispasmodics and constipation, the first thing to do is to normalize the power and start to take a laxative. In the case of intestinal obstruction and symptoms of peritonitis urgently is hospitalization, surgical intervention and drainage of the abdominal cavity.

Treatment of pneumatosis of the intestine medications

Drug therapy is aimed at reducing the amount of gases and their output of natural ways, treatment of the underlying disease that caused gazonapolnennye, normalization of intestinal microflora. So how to treat intestinal pneumatosis with medication? First of all, you need to go to the doctor-gastroenterologist, who will be able to distinguish this pathology from other diseases, using the diagnostic methods. Drug treatment is with drugs such as:

  • prokinetics;
  • antifoams, carminative drugs (simethicone, drops);
  • adsorbents (bismuth preparations, activated charcoal);
  • spazmolitiki (no-Spa, baralgin);
  • laxatives;
  • anti-diarrheal (motilium, reglan).

Treatment of pneumatosis of the bowel folk remedies

At home to get rid of pathology is possible with the following natural remedies: parsley, dill, chamomile, dandelion, wormwood, plants of tradescantia, aloe, decoctions of vegetable fees. The most effective recipes how to treat intestinal pneumatosis folk remedies, is the infusion of parsley seeds and fennel. For the preparation of the first funds need to grind parsley seeds, take 1 tsp Bay on the evening of 1 tbsp. of warm water, leave until morning. The therapeutic effect occurs if you take the infusion of 1 tbsp every hour.

For making funds from the dill, you need to grind the seeds to a fine powder. Then take 1 tbsp. l. receiving of raw materials, pour boiling water (300 ml). Drain in 3 hours. 30 minutes before eating, to drink the infusion of 1 tbsp. Good results of treatment is chamomile infusion: 1 tbsp. flower necessary to grind into powder, pour 1 tbsp. boiling water. To take before eating, after a few SIPS. In the formation of air cysts in the intestinal region use an infusion of dandelion root: roots are ground, the night is filled with water. You have to take 30 ml before eating.

Diet when intestinal pneumatosis

Powered by pneumatosis as follows: excluded foods that cause gases, heavy food. You can’t eat: beans, raw vegetables (especially tomatoes), cereals, sauerkraut, fat, smoked, canned, salted, fried. Use vegetables only boiled or steamed, without oil. Proper nutrition in the intestinal pneumatosis include: quince, jelly, soup, blueberries, pears, fish and meat dishes prepared on pair.