Thyroid disease is frequent in our days. They affect up to a third of the entire population of the earth. This situation is a concern of specialists, but the majority of pathologies can be cured at an early stage, if they are to identify in a timely manner.
For the production of hormones in the body responsible thyroid. From how well it operates, depends on the health of the person, the weight, the performance. Under the influence of some factors in the thyroid gland can fails. She begins to work correctly, but not all the time pay attention to the symptoms and do not understand the possible consequences.
One of such diseases is hyperthyroidism, with the majority of autoimmune nature. It is a syndrome of chronic type, which is characterized by the fact that the thyroid gland begins in excessive amounts to produce the hormone triiodothyronine and thyroxine. Through the blood they are carried to the organs of the patient, whereby the body’s metabolism begins to accelerate.
Hyperthyroidism thyroid in Latin sounds like Hyperthyroidisms, and among professionals common another name – hyperthyroidism. It is necessary to separate so-called artificial (iatrogenic) hyperthyroidism occurs when taking exogenous thyroid hormone. It is the most common pathology characteristic of the endocrine system.
Signs of hyperthyroidism in women
With regards to the grounds on which it is possible to determine the progression of hyperthyroidism in the fairer sex, there should pay attention to symptoms such as ophthalmopathy. It is manifested by exophthalmia. In addition, it is accompanied by photophobia and lacrimation. There may be a increase in the neck region of the thyroid gland. Hyperthyroidism could trigger early menopause, or to provoke a menstrual cycle.
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism in women can manifest itself in increased appetite and simultaneous weight loss. In addition, the following symptoms of hyperthyroidism in women:
- frequent change of mood;
- anxiety disorders;
- trembling of the hands;
- increased body temperature;
- disorder of mental activity;
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism in men
Though this syndrome mostly affects women, men, the disease is also not passed. Hyperthyroidism thyroid in men is similar to women’s symptoms. In addition, the presence of the disease in men is determined easily because the structure of the thyroid gland they differ from the female, and it is easier to diagnose. To this list can add some of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism in men is the reduction of potency and sexual desire.
How does hyperthyroidism
Excessive production of hormones in hyperthyroidism has an impact on all human organs since they begin to function at an accelerated pace. Depending on the duration and severity of the disease, certain symptoms can manifest themselves in different ways. The hyperthyroidism has three stages of the disease. For each characteristic of your symptoms, but they are United by a progressive loss of weight, increased pulse rate and irritability.
- primary (light). Detected thyroid disease.
- secondary (medium). Disturbances in the functioning of the pituitary gland.
- tertiary (heavy). The malfunction of the hypothalamus.
It should be noted that in the elderly the external symptoms are not so distinct as in the young. This pathology is called latent hyperthyroidism – symptoms which are similar to normal, but not so pronounced. It is characterized by problems in the cardiovascular system, also notes the frequent depression, drowsiness and lethargy. Elderly people almost all suffering from anorexia in the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism.
Enlargement of the thyroid gland
The increase on the so-called goiter. In the first stage, it is difficult to recognize that the thyroid gland is enlarged, especially in women. As clearly expressed symptoms does not exist, the disease is detected by testing for the hormones T3, T4, TSH. Goiter thyrotoxicosis palpable in the second stage, while running for hyperthyroidism can warp the neck.
Hyperthyroidism and Central nervous system
CNS can be traced to several symptoms that are characteristic of most of the diseases associated with the thyroid gland. Nervous system thyrotoxicosis is characterized by increased excitability, irritability. Patients have a sense of fear and anxiety for no particular reason. When hyperthyroidism observed accelerated speech and increased mental abilities, but thoughts can be confused and difficult for the person to concentrate. Patients disturbed sleep, emotional instability appears and there is a tremor of the hands.
The temperature in hyperthyroidism
Excessive secretion of thyroid hormones in hyperthyroidism provokes a change in the metabolism in the body. As a consequence, produces excess energy, forming a large amount of heat, which can not handle the heat. The patient becomes hot. Temperature thyrotoxicosis may increase to 37°C or slightly higher, accompanied by excessive sweating. In addition, the body temperature can influence observed in hyperthyroidism tremor. It is noteworthy that this symptom cannot be reduced with antipyretic drugs.
Shortness of breath hyperthyroidism
Since the process of increasing the content of hormones affects many organs, the respiratory system is no exception in this list. Shortness of breath when hyperthyroidism develops from congestion and edema formation. In addition to shortness of breath symptoms such as reduced lung capacity. Man is capable of at maximum breath hold less air than in a healthy condition.
Disorder characterized by a disturbance of the water balance in the body and speed the breakdown of proteins. As a result, swelling, which can affect weight. Swelling in hyperthyroidism may be different – from the small bags under the eyes to swelling of the entire body. In addition, fluid may accumulate in body cavities, and edema such as, for example, language can cause difficulty speaking.
Hyperthyroidism and the heart
Cardiovascular problems observed in patients very often. Hyperthyroidism and the heart are directly connected with each other. Even a small increase in the level of hormones in the blood affects the body. The main symptom can be called abnormal heart rhythm. As a rule, is an increase in systolic blood pressure with the decline in diastolic blood pressure (large pulse pressure). The pulse quickens, the blood flow with greater speed and developing heart failure. There are manifestations of:
- persistent sinus tachycardia;
- the increase in excitability of the myocardium;
- atrial fibrillation;
- reversible hyperglycemia.
Metabolism in patients with hyperthyroidism violated. They eat a lot, but the process of nutrient absorption happens poorly. It is believed that they cannot be restricted in the use of food because the process of digestion releases energy, which is then spent on the needs of working at the limit of their capacity of the body.
Appetite thyrotoxicosis in the initial stages is increased, but in the last stages of the disease craving for food stops and patients begin to drastically lose weight, to the extent that it may develop cachexia. It is noticed that due to excessive food intake, frequent bowel movements, although the irregularity and diarrhea in this case is rarely observed.
Ocular symptoms of thyrotoxicosis
The defeat of the thyroid gland entails ophthalmic disorders. How are vision and hyperthyroidism? The main symptom of the disease, which is clearly seen in the eyes of the patient is their buckling. It suffers almost half of the patients, and the pathology is called graves ‘ ophthalmopathy. In this case, the expanded palpebral aperture with a simultaneous bulging forward of the eyeball.
It is worth noting that this disturbed eye movements, reduced number of flashes. Dryness, burning and stinging in the eyes is another symptom of ophthalmic nature, common to patients with hyperthyroidism. You may experience increased lacrimation, and corneal erosion. The load coming on the optic nerve can lead to significant decreased vision and even blindness, objects appear double.
Hair loss with hyperthyroidism
Excessive secretion of hormones provokes another symptom by which to determine the disease – thyrotoxicosis hair fall out. In addition, production slows melamine, so the hair is quickly turning gray. It is worth noting that at the initial stage of hyperthyroidism hair get bigger faster, they become strong and thick, but then abruptly begins to appear gray hair and hair fall.
The symptom is more common in men than in women. The main symptom is muscle fatigue. In hyperthyroidism muscle hipertrofiada. Patients reported severe weakness and trembling in limbs. Patients it is difficult to climb stairs, it is painful to carry heavy objects. Because motor activity is disturbed, the long walks become a burden, begins to develop osteoporosis can occur paralysis.
Process thyrotoxic myopathy develops slowly, and muscle atrophy occurs most in the wrist area and shoulder girdle. It is noticed that the tendon reflexes are not affected by the changes, but may develop atrophy and other muscles:
- flexors of the neck.