38 weeks pregnant: the description, the harbingers of birth

The 38th week of pregnancy often becomes the last, especially if the female is carrying is not her first child. Preparing for birth the baby can weigh more than 3 kg and reaches 48-50 cm in length. Not to miss the moment of the beginning of delivery, it is necessary to carefully monitor the emergence of specific characteristics.


38 неделя беременности: описание, предвестники родов

The development of a fetus

At the moment the child is ready for birth. His body is formed. Aging and thinning of the placenta, through which all this time ate the fruit, so the weight gain slows down a little: most of the nutrients goes to the maintenance of a chubby baby. Put your ear to the belly of the mother, you can feel the heartbeat of the fetus, amounting to 120-160 beats per minute.

To attack 38 weeks the baby gets very crowded in the uterus, so pushing and wiggling now occur less frequently. Well developed grasping and sucking reflexes, and are ready to begin full operation immediately after the expected birth. In particular, on the surface of the alveoli formed by pulmonary surfactant, which will help the baby to take its first breath after birth. Liver, pancreas and intestines are ready to engage in active assimilation and digestion of food.

Externally, the fetus is no different from a newborn. It has pinkish and smooth skin, and head covered with quite thick hair. Nails can be a finger. Of male infants already have descended into the scrotum testicles. In General, the size and weight of the baby depends on genetic data, so small in size parents are likely to be born small kid and a tall and large mom and dad should be prepared for the possible emergence of a real «hero».

Feelings of a future mother

This week, women may experience mood swings, emotional background and overall elevated. Prolonged pregnancy is significantly weakened organism, and, it would seem, want the early onset of childbirth. On the other hand, the imminent onset of painful and sometimes dangerous procedure may be the fear and slight panic. Also in a stressful condition a woman can drive a constant expectation of birth pangs.

Most makes itself felt tired feeling. Large and heavy stomach is not able to stay on their feet, having discomfort in the back and waist. When the woman understands that there is a lot of work, for example, equipping the nursery, buying things for the baby Essentials, but the strength is not enough.

Actively prepares to leave the uterus, the height of the bottom of which is about 35-38 cm, and it is located at a distance of 16-18 cm from the navel. Gradually softens the cervix. More and more lowers the stomach ceases to press on the lungs and stomach, so it becomes easier to breathe, are of frequent heartburn. However, urination is now happening more often because the pressure on your bladder repeatedly increased. May occur and diarrhea is an unavoidable companion of women to the end of pregnancy.

What else is characteristic of pregnancy in the later stages:

  • Weight. During this period women often lose weight, due to the preparation of the body for childbirth and getting rid of excess substances and liquids. Also, it promotes the discharge of mucus plug protecting the cervix from infections. In General, during the entire pregnancy, the health of expectant mothers can gain up to 10-15 kg. Those who do not follow the diet and lead a sedentary lifestyle, may gain weight harder, and it only worsens the health.
  • Swelling. A small extension of the limbs is the norm, but a significant increase in size, accompanied by increase in weight can be a sign of preeclampsia and requires treatment to the doctor.
  • Stretch marks. Hard-hitting form of lines may appear in the abdomen, Breasts, thighs and buttocks because strongly stretched and itchy skin. Some of them will take place after birth, independently from other possible to get rid of with the help of special cosmetics.
  • Turning belly button inside out. This is a completely normal phenomenon which disappears after birth and is usually observed in the previously skinny women and in twin pregnancies.
  • Harbingers of the onset of labor

    A pregnant woman should always listen to your body and understand when to start a clear urge to leave. The main signs telling us that it’s time to go to the hospital, are as follows:

  • Just Braxton-Hicks. This particular training bout, indicating that the uterus is warming up before the upcoming procedure. Typically these reductions begin approximately 1-2 weeks before the baby is born. Shortly before the birth the frequency of contractions increase and they happen every hour.
  • From the breast is allocated colostrum. It is a whitish-yellow thick liquid, which the child will eat during the first few days after birth. Just before birth, the colostrum begins to stand out almost constantly, leaving noticeable stains on the bra.
  • The stomach is markedly lowered, and if it hardens – a clear sign that the child took the optimum position and is ready to be born.
  • Discharge of amniotic fluid. This symptom becomes extreme before birth, so, seeing a copious and watery discharge from the vagina, immediately call an ambulance.
  • Useful tips

    Often women in their last weeks of pregnancy relax and stop thinking about anything extraneous. In fact, it is important to gather the strength to follow particular recommendations that will help in the near future. You must do the following:

  • Prepare a bag for the trip to the hospital, which should contain necessary items for mother and unborn child, as well as documents.
  • Eat only healthy and low-fat foods, eliminate all flour, sweet and roasted. Lean on fruits and vegetables, take prescribed vitamins.
  • Do not wear the brace that he had extra pressure on your stomach. Try to sleep in a comfortable and free position, for example, on the back.
  • Pre-visit the hospital where you will undergo the procedure, and discuss with a doctor prior to hospitalization.
  • Take a leisurely walk in the fresh air and do some exercises for pregnant women.
  • Otherwise don’t panic and try to worry without much reason. Divide the duties among close relatives and husband. Make sure that the house is all ready for a child. It is also important to know the basic information about how to feed a newborn and care for him.

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