Measles is an acute, infectious disease transmitted by airborne droplets. It affects the skin and upper respiratory tract. Measles is especially dangerous in children, so for several decades worldwide, there is a specific vaccine against this disease. Anyway, it is necessary to consider the advantages and disadvantages of vaccination, because the procedure is not always without consequences.
As vaccination against measles in Russia
Today In Russia following vaccine of Russian and foreign production:
- measles (measles Vaccine dry, Aventis Pasteur);
- the two-component vaccine against measles-mumps (Vaccine mumps-measles, Mags Sharp & Dohme);
- three-component vaccine against measles-mumps-rubella (Priorix, Smithkline Beecham Biologicals).
Despite the different vaccines, they all demonstrate a good level of immunogenicity (formation of protective immunity) and portability. The only difference is that branded medicines are produced based on the embryos of chicken eggs, therefore not suitable for people with allergic reaction to chicken protein. The Russian vaccines are based on Japanese quail embryos and are hypoallergenic, so appointed by the majority of patients.
Vaccination against measles (as well as against mumps and rubella) is carried out in accordance with the National vaccination calendar, which is approved by the government of the Russian Federation. Currently, vaccinations are children under the age of 12 months (after the disappearance of the body of the parent antibody, previously transmitted through the placenta) and 6 years (after school age).
Additionally, routine vaccination is carried out among children aged 15 to 17 years and adults aged up to 35 years if they have not been vaccinated previously or have information about vaccinations against measles. Persons previously vaccinated only once, subject to passage of a single immunization (the interval between vaccinations must be no less than three months).
The procedure of vaccination
In accordance with the medical manual, the introduction of measles vaccine produced under shoulder subcutaneously or in the shoulder by intramuscular injection (injection site determined by the physician). If necessary, the simultaneous use of several monovalent, they should be imposed in different parts of the body separate syringes. Combination vaccines are typed in one syringe.
The child’s parents the right to choose the vaccine that will be administered to him, but only the free drugs procured by Ministry of health. The refusal of these vaccines, the purchase of new drugs produced by the parents at their own expense. The procedure is performed both in city hospitals and in many vaccination centers, whose representatives are obliged to provide all the necessary information about each of the available vaccines.
The benefits of vaccination against measles
The main advantage of the modern measles vaccine is its effectiveness. After conducting two routine vaccinations in children the probability of infection is actually subsequently reduced to 1%. The body gets protective immunity, suppressing vaccine introduced antigens like it’s usual wild measles virus.
Another advantage of the vaccine is the almost total lack of negative consequences. Most children and adults do not even notice the temporary deterioration of health. Thus resolved water procedures and solar baths, and in adults there is no ban on drinking alcohol later.
Unlike some other vaccines, vaccination against measles is allowed even in those cases, if not preserved, a record of the ongoing procedures, and the person just doesn’t remember, he passed them or not. In addition, according to the document the National preventive vaccination calendar, allowed the introduction of measles vaccines at the same time with other calendar and wincalendartime vaccines (except vaccines for the prevention of tuberculosis). This means that in one day can be done several vaccinations provided that they are carried out by different syringes in different parts of the body.
The negative side of vaccination against measles
Any vaccination, including the measles, can cause the body’s response to input small amounts of virus. For several days the person may experience fever and also allergic reaction of redness of the injection place. In this regard, the vaccine is not suitable for people with malignant blood diseases, tumors, and various problems with the immunity.
In rare cases, following vaccination complications:
- anaphylactic shock (sudden drop in pressure and irregular heartbeat);
- afebrile seizures;
- encephalitic reaction (serous meningitis).
However, according to the law, in the event of post-vaccination complications citizens are subject to social protection. In case of deterioration of health, the state must pay the victim or his relatives an allowance of 10 thousand rubles, and in the case of death of 30 thousand rubles. People who became disabled as a result of poor or improperly performed vaccination is assigned a lifetime monthly payment of $ 1000.
Vaccination against measles (mumps, rubella) has a lot of contraindications, which include:
- acute infectious and non-communicable diseases at any phase (the procedure is postponed until the remission or recovery),
- the presence of Allergy to aminoglycoside;
- chicken Allergy (depends on the vaccine if it is produced based on chicken eggs);
- primary immunodeficiency
- malignant neoplasms and diseases of the blood,
- complications to previous administration of vaccine (hyperthermia, flushing).
Anyway, the measles vaccine is highly recommended to conduct in children, but is not mandatory. The risk of infection up to 7 years is quite large: close enough contact with any it vector. High possibility that infected the body can not produce sufficient immunity against it, and it is fraught with various complications until death.
Modern versions of the measles are similar to symptoms of diseases are reasonably safe composition, and the procedure of vaccination can be performed in any public medical facility. It is extremely important to pass it in accordance with the National calendar of preventive inoculations, and to ensure that information about successful completion of the vaccination were recorded in appropriate medical records.