Panel for the decoration of private houses transform the appearance of the facades of the eyes. With panel finish can be veneer building with wood, brick, plaster. Only modern material is usually devoid of their drawbacks. Moreover, with the use of panels it is possible to create effective thermal insulation of walls of a private house and at the same time protection from negative external influences. Related articles:
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On the market range of panels for facades of private houses is enormous. Each type of panel has its own characteristics, which determine not only the future appearance of the house, but also the duration of operation of the veneer, and the complexity of installation. Choose the most appropriate material taking into account the specifics of a house for climate conditions of the region of residence and other criteria.
What are the functions of the facades
The home owner when buying a cladding material for the facade counts for a long period of its operation, the preservation of the aesthetic appearance even after several years and, of course, acceptable cost of the panels.
Quality decorative front panels is certainly important, especially if the facade is maintained in a certain style, but they are not alone should determine a reasonable choice of such material. Facade panels are intended for protection from the natural destroying factors such as moisture, wind, high and low temperatures, and so on.
Often the facade is also a function of additional insulation of the walls of the house. Therefore, to save the most on the finishing material is not necessary, as the too low price is often an indication of insufficient quality of products.
Selection criteria panels for facades of private houses
This criterion as the permissible operating conditions of the material, be sure to take into account. Not every panel for facade are able to withstand low winter temperatures of the Northern regions of the country. So, if you live in a cold region, this parameter will be one of the determinants in the selection.
It is advisable to look at the façade of neighboring houses, which lasted for several years. So you can clearly see how finishing panels responded to various external influences. The exterior of the home tells a lot about the qualities of material used.
Carefully read the specifications of the panels for cladding facades, paying particular attention to the following factors:
- environmentally friendly material;
- resistance to defeat parasitic organisms (fungus, mold, moss) and insects;
- resistance to mechanical impact;
- Flammability class;
- moisture resistance;
- resistance to UV rays (fading);
- thermo — and frost resistance;
- according to the manufacturer’s lifetime;
- tear resistance;
- compliance relief and color pattern of the panels with the design of the facade;
- number required for installation of accessory items and the complexity of installation of the panels;
- the ease of care.
Also separately calculate the cost of not only the plates, but additional profile elements and a set of mounting materials necessary for mounting.
Main types of panels for cladding facades of houses
Ornamental plates vary in shape and size. The lining material can be made in the form of square or rectangular panels, boards of different widths. To simulate a material with a complex texture and topography produce plates of complicated shape, perfectly tailored for quick installation on walls. All options have decorative-protective coating.
The connection between panels and their fixation on the surface of the wall can be accomplished in various ways, which can also be more or less preferred.
Siding panels or «planks» of different materials
Long panels are made of cement, metal or vinyl often mimic the shape and styling to the walls of wooden planks. Rectangular siding generally follows the topography and coloration of natural mineral materials.
Siding panels generally have a system of fasteners and locks. This lining protects the walls from moisture, besides under it can be mounted to the insulation, as a rule, is one of the types of mineral wool.
To create a facade insulated with the use of any type of siding for stacking mats and installation of lining on the walls of the fixed frame of the crate. The subsequent fastening of panels to the frame uprights is carried out using screws with large heads.
Polyurethane facade panel
Polyurethane panels have a number of qualities that make them indispensable for very cold regions. In the finished polyurethane mass for the production of panels is often added marble chips of the fine fraction, which acts as a reinforcing component.
The cellular structure of the polyurethane is 96% composed of cavities filled with air, making it a great insulator and sound insulator. In addition, the material is wear-resistant, resistant to deformation and does not emit into the environment of toxic substances.
The material is resistant to fungal formations and low maintenance. Options polyurethane panels without the rigid base is ideal for decoration of curved surfaces – arched openings, columns and other facade elements.
Thermal panels consist of a decorative outer layer and insulation. The outer layer can be made of different materials – metal, polyurethane, ceramic or polymer tiles, etc. As insulation used polystyrene or polyurethane foam with a thickness of 40 to 100 mm.
Thermal panels can have different types of ports: «thorn-groove», «comb». The installation of cladding is carried out using adhesive or foam with a low expansion coefficient. For some models it is possible and mechanical fastening to the wall.
Among the features of this material is the fact that it does not need to be installed on the wall frame the sheathing, which considerably facilitates and reduces the cost of work on the facade. Plate thermal panels have improved moisture resistance and a small specific gravity, however they have a low resistance to an open fire.
Metal plate for the façade are made of steel sheets, galvanized or coated with an alloy based on aluminium and zinc. Meet aluminum panels, but they are much more expensive.
As a protective and decorative coating used several different polymer resins:
- plastisol with a matte or glossy sheen.
Plates are manufactured in vertical and horizontal installation option. For joining panels along their edges, there are special locking elements. Installation of lining is on the wall-mounted crate. At observance of technology of installation panel will protect the house from moisture.
Fiber cement panels
This kind of panels for cladding made from a mixture of cellulose fiber, cement and mineral fillers. With proper installation of fiber cement boards are an excellent protection for the façade. It is fixed to the frame, pre-mounted on the wall. Plate are joined together with the castle of «thorn-groove».
Panels are available in a huge range of embossed patterns and colors. With their help, on the wall, you can simulate various stone or brickwork, textured wood pattern or place the front of the house in any architectural style.
Plate production necessarily covered by a protective layer of polyurethane or acrylic, the surfaces of some models additionally applied another layer of stone chips. The thickness of the cement boards varies from 8 to 15 mm, respectively, and the weight can range from 16 to 30 kg/m2.
The advantages of panel data include their high frost — resistance, long operational life, up to 30 years, resistance to ultraviolet radiation.
Fiber cement boards are resistant to erosion and corrosion, not susceptible to fungus or mold, have the property of absorption, resistant to temperature extremes and is non-flammable. Manufacturers also declare the environmental safety of the material for people and the environment.
The design of some cladding panels for facades
Cladding panels for the walls of a private house differ not only in material, specifications, shape and method of attachment and structural structure.
Conventionally, in structure there are three groups of:
Façade panels are also divided into ground and wall. For finishing of socle part of the building Foundation slabs are used a thicker material which makes them resistant to dirt moisture and mechanical influences. Because of these qualities, many homeowners prefer to choose this material for facing of facade wall surfaces.