Useful keyboard shortcuts in OS X

Often, in order to perform some routine actions, such as opening the file or saving the changes made, we have to carry the mouse across the screen back and forth, not reduces the time spent by us on the computer. To help us in saving time and nerves got the special key combinations. The reason they invented to facilitate the user to work with applications and the operating system.

Полезные сочетания клавиш в OS X - горячие клавиши

In OS X uses the following key modifiers: Cоmmand, Shift, Optiоn, Control, Caps Lоck, Fn. The key combination is entered as follows: first press the modifier and hold it click, we need at the moment is the key, then let go of both.

Note: if you are using a normal keyboard instead of the Option key, use Alt key and Command key instead of the Win.

A list of useful keyboard shortcuts that are worth remembering

1. To work with content files, use hot keys, similar to those in Windows, but instead of «Ctrl» use «Command».

Command and pressing the letter «X» — Cut (the selected text or portion of the image).
Cоmmand and «C» — Copy (highlighted).
Cоmmand and «V» to Insert (the last saved to the clipboard).
Cоmmand and «Z» — Undo the last performed action.
Commаnd and simultaneous pressing of two keys Shift + Z — Redo the last command or action (undo Command + Z).
Commаnd and «A» — Select (highlight) all.

Please note that all letters must be typed in English layout and without the quotes.

2. For working with Windows, activate the settings used from 2 to 4 simultaneously pressed keys.

Cоmmand and pressing «F» = to Open search window.
Cоmmand and «G» to Look further.
Cоmmand and H — Hide the current window.
Cоmmand and two keystrokes are Option + H — Hide all Windows except the current one.
Cоmmand and M — Minimize the current window.
Cоmmand together with Option + M — Minimize all Windows of the current program.
Cоmmand and «N» to open a new window or document.
Cоmmand and «O» — open the selected object or window, select the files to open.
Command and «P» — print the document (the file contents).
Command and «S» — Save (as a new file or changes made to open).
Command W — Close the current window.
Command and «Q» — Exit the program.
Command simultaneously with a space — Show/Hide the Spotlight search (Command + Option + Spacebar in the Finder). A space — Quick view of the selected object.
Cоmmand and Tab — Switches between programs.
Commаnd and «,» (comma) — Call up the settings window.

More complicated for a beginner will be a combination of three to four buttons. To remember them have to be trained.

Cоmmand two Shift + » ~ » to Switch between Windows.
Command and pressing Option + W — Close all Windows of this program.
At the same time with two Command keys Option + Esc select a program to forcibly terminate.
And three Command buttons Shift + Option + Esc — force quit the current program.
Cоmmаnd and Shift + the number «3» is to Photograph the screen.
Cоmmand and Shift + Q — logout the user’s confirmation.
Command and Shift + Option + a «Q» for Immediate termination of a user session without confirmation.

Using these and other hotkeys, you will make your work faster and free up time to spend on something interesting and useful.

This is interesting: some software developers tried to calculate how much time you save when using hotkeys when working at the PC. The overall result is not very significant (average is about 10 percent, but when you perform certain actions — up to 80 per cent spent on operation time). It was also definitely noted that the work was significantly easier. The assessment was made after the user remembered very well the basic combination of keyboard buttons.

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