Cough is one of the most common symptoms of colds and flu. To be more precise – the consequence of these diseases, which remains with us for a long time even after the disappearance of the temperature. Most of treating him «improvised» means or those who advise relatives or friends. This approach can result in very serious consequences.
It is impossible to treat cough alone and the means that are recommended that people without medical education. You cannot search the Internet – the doctor cannot hear the way you’re coughing, can’t hear your breathing and to make an accurate diagnosis without these diagnostic procedures is impossible.
What is a cough?
Coughing is a natural reflex of our body, which performs the cleansing function of the respiratory tract. Unwanted and harmful particles while coughing out of my mouth at the speed of up to 120 meters per second!
Where did it come from?
The surface of the Airways (bronchial tree) of a person covered with mucus. When we breathe, this mucus collects inside and does not let dust particles, bacteria and viruses. In addition, the bronchi are covered by cilia (shimmer epithelium) that propel mucus upward and push out with her unwanted «guests».
During the illness becomes viscous mucus, the cilia can’t cope with their work, as a result, the bronchi become clogged and the body is forced to include the natural protective function – coughing. With his help, with a real hurricane, the Airways get rid of pathogenic phlegm. That is why the initial task is to ensure the productivity of cough, sputum discharge.
What is the cough than to treat
Cough develops in stages, and each requires targeted treatment, i.e., different means. The main goal of treatment is not to allow the cough to come down.
Cough top with SARS
Dry cough, throat, exhausting, incoming attacks, begins when injected virus on the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract. He is one of the most frustrating, not being able to sleep at night, but also the safest, according to doctors. Sputum with a dry cough in the bronchi is almost there. It accumulates in the nasopharynx and flows down on her back wall, causing a coughing reflex in a patient.
Treatment – bed rest home. The medication generally not needed. To facilitate attacks using large amounts of warm drinking berry teas with honey, with warm mineral water. Helps nasal lavage with saline, based on the broth of herbs (licorice, chamomile), sodium inhalation.
Barking cough laryngitis
The development indicates laryngitis barking cough, sore throat and loss of voice. These symptoms indicate that the inflammatory process moved to the throat, and began the most dangerous disease – laryngitis.
Treatment – hydration of air, or inhalation using a nebulizer. To use essential oils during the first days of the disease is not recommended. In addition, it is strictly forbidden to talk, Oh and if you really need it, there is very little and in whispers.
Laryngitis is especially dangerous for children under 3 years. May occur edema of the larynx. Therefore, if the child had a barking cough, you must immediately show it to a qualified doctor.
Dry cough with tracheitis
Inflammation of the trachea suggests that the disease is «descended» yet lower. Starts out dry cough, attacks which plagued the patient in the morning and when the abrupt changing temperature of the environment, for example when going out or coming home. When sputum tracheitis is very small and it is difficult to be separated (clears throat).
Treatment – inhalations of Sadovyi solutions reception and expectorants drugs. At home you can prepare a decoction of licorice root or of the leaves mother and stepmother, sage.
Wet cough with bronchitis
Incorrect or untimely, non-qualified treatment of colds and flu provokes the development of bronchitis. It is characterized deep, whistling, wheezing cough. Phlegm with bronchitis a lot, it acquires a greenish tint, hard coughs.
Treatment – expectorant drugs with bronchodilatory properties. Appoint such drugs to himself it is impossible in any case. This can only be done by the attending physician after a full course of diagnostics – detailed inspection, listening to the breathing and, if necessary, x-ray examination. If the bronchitis was diagnosed at an early stage, can be treated without antibiotics.
Deep cough with pneumonia
Deep and painful cough, accompanied by pain in the chest is a symptom of inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia). Do not self medicate!!!
Treatment – medical care, without options! Treatment is with antibiotics that are prescribed after the collection and study of biological materials. Pneumonia can be viral and bacterial. Drugs is selected in accordance with the type of the causative agent.
Chronic cough – how?
If the cough persists even after medical treatment and lasts for more than 14-20 days, then the cause is likely not infectious.
Cough may be a manifestation of allergic reactions, for example, dust or mold, pollen. This cough may transform into asthma, so it is very important to determine the source of the threat (the allergen) and to avoid contact of the patient with him. To identify the allergen you can only use medical diagnosis.
A heart cough
Lingering dry cough can indicate heart problems, for example, a disease or heart failure. For a heart characterized by attacks of coughing at night, after physical exertion, with shortness of breath, blue discoloration of the skin. In addition, to stimulate a coughing reflex can some drugs whose action is directed at reducing blood pressure.
It is important to understand that whatever cough, to treat it yourself you can’t!!! To determine the type of the disease and prescribe adequate and effective treatment can only medical specialist.