The staircase in the house should be beautiful, comfortable, functional. So before you do the stairs to the second floor, we should think very carefully in what place it is located. Best suited hallway. There lectica to the second floor will look appropriate.
1. Simple wooden ladder can be made independently. However, first of all it is necessary to carefully calculate and produce an accurate model of the future stairs out of paper. In this case, will be less likely to make a mistake.
The ladder consists of several main parts. This steps, risers, stringer and the handrail or railing. The bowstring, which is also called the stringer, it is a carrier Board that holds the rest of the structure. Its strength depends on the strength of the entire stairs and the safety of the people who will be on her to climb.
2. Prior to the design of lestnicy need to choose the height, width, and the width and height of the steps. This is important.
The first parameter that you need to know is the height of the stairs. Then using that number to calculate the height of the riser. No need to make it too high, otherwise it will be uncomfortable to walk. The optimum height for lifting is equal to approximately 150-160 mm. Stage should not be too narrow. Their average width should be equal in the best case, 350 mm, and at worst — 250mm.
After everything is clear with height and width, it is necessary to find a foothold for my future home stairs. Then attach the stringer to the porch, and in particular to its beam. apotom you can start to cut out steps. Thus it is necessary to remember podstupenej and to take them into account.
3. When the risers are mounted, you can mount the stage with the use of special screws. Then there is a handrail or railing. The railing should be high enough to ensure safety — not less than 900 mm.
Now it is possible to paint the stairs. Paint will not only make the staircase presentable, but also will protect the tree from damage. You can use oil paint, lacquer for wood — oil, resin or bezmasljanye. Also suitable nitrocellulose lacquer. If done correctly, the staircase will last for many years.