Almost every woman visit to the gynecologist is accompanied by such procedure as the swab. Many think this procedure not the most pleasant, and yet, it is very important. On average, healthy woman to have a PAP test once in three months. If the smear is carried out correctly, the results can tell a lot about the health of the woman.
Test results show that gynaecologists can identify the early stages of many diseases and start the treatment immediately. Including, PAP smear helps to detect the presence of the so-called «key cells». If they are present in the flora of the vagina, it’s time to engage in their own health. So, what is «key cells»?
Key cell is a laboratory term. The so-called epithelial cells of the vagina, which contains bacteria. The presence of clue cells indicates bacterial vaginosis, or otherwise referred to as «bacterial vaginosis». Simply put, the cells become a key symptom of a dysbiosis of the vagina because of bacterial vaginosis disturbed balance between anaerobic bacteria and Lactobacillus in the vagina: the number of anaerobes increases markedly, and lactobacilli, in contrast, is reduced.
The causes of key cells:
I must say, to the development of bacterial vaginosis can lead to a number of different factors. One of the main reasons is the medication of antibiotics. Very often the cause of the key cell becomes the change of the sexual partner. To cause of bacterial vaginosis is capable of an IUD, and menstrual tampons.
Effects of bacterial vaginosis:
If vaginal dysbiosis is left untreated, it can result in negative consequences. First, to live with him very uncomfortable, because the disease is associated with very unpleasant symptoms such as itching and discharge with an unpleasant odor. In addition, significantly increases the risk of miscarriage in late term (over 12 weeks), and preterm birth.
That is why the treatment of bacterial vaginosis is a must. It is being conducted under the supervision of a gynecologist. In particular, you cannot run this disease to those women who are planning a pregnancy, who had spontaneous abortions, and if a woman is planning to use contraception IUD.