A plant that grew during the time of the dinosaurs, to this day, accompanies us, as common potted flower. And to home conditions many species have adapted fern.
Ferns room – types and names
Nearly 2000 species of plants make the selection process difficult. Fortunately, because there is a only small part of them. The most common indoor ferns are the following:
- Maidenhair ruddy – room the fern with a thin strong stems, delicate leaves and graceful structure. Very easy to care for because it occurs indoors more often.
- Mnogoletnik is one of the most beautiful ferns. Likes high humidity and filtered light.
- Davallia – growing and exotic plants, often used for growing indoors as a basket. The plant is commonly called a stag’s horns or rabbit paws.
- Nephrolepis is a very common plant used both pot and basket plant around the world.
- Kostenets (Asplenium) – consists of 30 species, is distributed mainly in the tropics. Widely used for cultivation in the home.
- Pellea is unusual because, unlike most ferns, it prefers dry habitats.
- Blechnum (probanka) – this room is a flower of the fern resembles a palm tree. It consists of a large crown of stiff fronds, and with age the plant has a trunk, crown diameter growing to 1 m.
- Pteris (bracken) – common species of ferns, which received its second name due to the similarity of leaves with the wings of an eagle. Well can withstand the lack of moisture.
- Cyrtomium – fern with leathery leaves. Undemanding houseplant, suitable for cultivation in the Northern and Eastern side.
- Shchitovnik (male fern) – in contrast to the female fern (condignity), has more erect leaves and a strong.
To make it easier to determine the choice of ferns for home growing, say that the easiest to care for are titanium, davallia, kruglyany pteris, Nephrolepis, Kostenets and pellea. If you want to create a beautiful hanging basket with fern, maidenhair or choose Nephrolepis. For single accommodation more suitable Kostenets, blechnum and Nephrolepis.
How to care for potted ferns?
Fern is a pretty undemanding plant, very decorative. Most species are shade-tolerant, so they are often decorated far from Windows, corners of rooms.
Let us consider a little more detail how to grow indoor ferns. So, the highlights:
- Lighting. Enough diffused sunlight to fern felt good. Moreover, on the windowsill, spreading flower hardly fits.
- Watering. It needs to be moderate, that is, the earth com should not dry out, but not to resemble a swamp. Optimal condition – constant light moisture. It is important to regularly maintain it, because the differences in watering leads to root rot. Watering the plant should be 2-3 times a week.
- Spraying. Since the plant does not tolerate dry air, it is necessary to periodically spray, especially in winter, when the apartment is air-dried by radiators.
- The ground. Should be loose and easy. The composition should contain peat, turf and leaf earth, humus and sand.
- Feeding. There is no need in the fertilizer. Can be limited to a monthly watering with a weak solution of mineral fertilizers.
- Transplantation. You can repot the fern every year, each time in a pot a couple of inches more than the previous one. Use the method of referring everything, trying not to shake the earth with the roots. If you do not know, as propagated potted fern, transplanting is the best time to try to do this method of dividing the Bush. This method is the easiest and most reliable. Gently separate the rosette from the main Bush and planted in a separate pot. Some time after transplant young plants need greenhouse conditions.