A child’s illness cause a lot of anxiety and worry parents. Every Mama wants to know how to save a child from epidemics and in case of infection to prevent complications. Therefore it is necessary to know ways of dealing with major infections, which there is a risk to face. One such disease is the so-called swine flu. Its danger lies in the consequences. It is a contagious disease caused by the H1N1 subtype of influenza A virus, also it is called the pandemic virus CA/2009. Of course than to treat swine flu in children, have to explain to the pediatrician, but in any case the mother should be aware of certain points.
Features of the disease
Its symptoms of this subtype are similar to seasonal influenza. It is characterized by such features:
- temperature over 39°C;
- the feeling of lack of air;
- sore throat;
- sometimes diarrhea and vomiting;
- pain behind the breastbone;
- dry cough.
It should be noted that diarrhea and vomiting are a hallmark of swine flu.
The disease develops rapidly, its incubation period can be up to 4 days, but in some cases the first signs of infection appear as early as 12 hours after infection.
A complication of this virus is pneumonia, which can develop in 2-3 days. This can lead to death, because we can not delay the treatment of swine flu in young children. Besides, kids under 5 years are highly vulnerable to the virus.
Basic therapeutic and diagnostic activities
When symptoms occur, you should urgently seek medical advice. It is better to isolate the patient and all family members should use gauze bandages. The hospital is indicated if the diagnosis is confirmed by laboratory testing. Up to this point, hospitalization is indicated, for example, it may be recommended for babies up to 12 months.
Mandatory measures are:
- bed rest, sleep, rest;
- a full diet to the body will have strength to resist the disease;
- drinking plenty of fluids;
- antipyretics fever if severe;
- nasal lavage;
- wet cleaning.
If the illness is mild, then it retreats about a week.
Antiviral drugs for children against swine flu
There are medicines that will help in recovery. The doctor may prescribe some antiviral agents.
Tamiflu is one of the best drugs against swine flu for children and adults. The instructions state that the tool can be assigned to age groups older than 1 year. However, in special cases permitted to use for kids from 6 to 12 months, for example, this may be necessary during a pandemic. To take the medicine we need at the first sign of illness, however, this should be done only after consultation with the doctor. Usually therapy lasts about 5 days.
Another antiviral drug against swine flu for children is relenza, but it is permissible only for kids from 5 years. This tool is used with a special inhaler that is sold together with medication. Inhalation shall be appointed immediately upon discovery of suspicious symptoms and make them 5 days.
These tools have proven effective, but cannot apply for the little ones. For the treatment of swine flu in children under one year that are valid, such as drugs Viferon, Grippferon.
All patients can be prescribed medications for the treatment of cough, nose drops, antihistamines. Sometimes prescribed vitamins. If you fail to avoid a bacterial infection you need a antibiotic.
To save a child disease, need to train it more often to wash hands. Children of six months can be vaccinated, in fact it is considered the best way of prevention.