Syphilis is a dangerous sexually transmitted of chronic infectious disease. The causative agent of a severe illness is Treponema pallidum. The disease can affect both skin and mucous membranes of the body.
In the later stages of the disease are irreversible, characterized by lesions of internal organs, bone tissues and nervous system.
Get infected with syphilis is possible through unprotected sexual contact, oral or anal sex. Also, the disease syphilis is transmitted from mother to fetus.
There are three stages of the disease – primary, secondary and tertiary.
How to manifest the disease syphilis?
The incubation period ranges from 14 to 40 days. The symptoms of syphilis depend on the specific period of the disease.
So, in the first stage of the disease appears chancre – painful ulcer with a dense base on the site of contact with infected patients. Increase next to the ulcer lymph nodes. Then within a month the ulcer is gradually healing. But the patient is being tormented by the bouts of weakness and dizziness. Sometimes the temperature rises.
On the second to fourth month after infection, secondary syphilis begins. This period is characterized by swollen lymph nodes and rashes all over the body. The patient feels bad, often the temperature rises. In some cases, hair loss begins.
In the absence of treatment for many years, begins the third stage is the most dangerous. Symptoms syphilis at this stage – the pathological changes in the bone tissues and internal organs. Also the disease affects the brain and spinal cord.
The effects of the disease syphilis
A state of neglect leads to the third stage, which often result in death. There is also a danger of infection of the fetus during pregnancy. Congenital syphilis often leads to irreversible changes in the child’s body.
Modern medicine can overcome the terrible disease. But later than to ask for help – the longer the treatment will be.