Major the Humanities, psychology and philosophy, the meaning and purpose of human life is determined in different ways. There are many interpretations of these concepts, and each has the right to decide which of them is closer to him.
The purpose and meaning of human life from the point of view of psychology
Leading psychologists still can’t agree, what do you mean by purpose and meaning of life. A uniform definition of these terms exist. But each person can choose the view that seems to him most rational. For example, A. Adler believed that the purpose of life of the individual in meaningful activities, which in turn is part of a larger vision. Russian scholar D. A. Leontiev adhered to similar opinions, only believed that the meaning of the activity is not an isolated education, must be a whole set of meanings. Otherwise, the purpose of existence of the individual is achieved. Rogers believed that the meaning of life should be for everybody, because each individual experiences through which he perceives the world. Viktor Frankl wrote that the meaning of the existence of personality stems from the meaning of existence of society. Universal meaning and purpose of life, in his opinion, does not exist, all depends on the type of social system. Z. Freud did not define the meaning of life, but mentioned that whoever denies his existence is undoubtedly sick. Jung believed that self — realization is the goal and meaning of human life, the full expression of his selfness, self, disclosure itself as an integrated individual.
The purpose and meaning of life from the point of view of philosophy
Philosophy also does not provide an unambiguous answer to the question, what is a common goal and meaning of human life. Each course offers its own interpretation of these concepts. Including:
- Epicureanism – the meaning of life is to enjoy it;
- asceticism is the meaning of life in the mortification of the flesh through physical suffering and the release of the spirit;
- utilitarianism is the meaning of life in socially useful activity;
- eudemonism – the meaning of life is attaining happiness, and her ultimate goal is to become absolutely happy;
- altruism – the meaning of life in self-sacrifice, self-denial in the name of others;
- rationalism – the meaning of life is cognition;
- irrationalism – the meaning of life in the struggle with suffering and death;
- existentialism – meaning of life for each person is subjective.
Philosophers theologians believe that people are not able to comprehend the meaning and purpose of existence. Yes it doesn’t need, is the sphere of divine Providence.
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