Potassium is an important mineral element that plays a huge role in water exchange and the transmission of impulses to nerve and muscle cells. The level of potassium is regulated by the body: necessary amount is absorbed from food and the excess is excreted. For various reasons in the blood can cause shortages of potassium, which is quite dangerous for life.
Causes of potassium deficiency
As a rule, with nutrition the body is provided with sufficient amount of potassium, which is found in many foods. Gastrointestinal discomfort associated with severe vomiting or diarrhea, intestinal fistula, prolonged use of diuretics or laxatives provoke a deficiency of potassium in the body.
Also, there is a shortage of potassium excessive use of alcohol, salt, heavy sweating and inadequate drinking. Most often, potassium deficiency, common in athletes, the elderly and patients with bulimia.
Symptoms and signs
Lack of potassium manifests itself in General symptoms: fatigue, headaches, dizziness and nausea.
Special symptoms are constipation, muscle cramps, paralysis and poor circulation.
The main function of potassium is regulation of water metabolism and gastrointestinal tract, nerve and muscle cells. Dangerous is when the lack of potassium weakens the heart muscle and, consequently, to cardiac arrhythmias.
The elimination of the deficit potassium
To correct the potassium deficiency is not required to exert much effort. Patients are encouraged to enter in nutrition of whole grain products, dried fruits, avocado, bananas, potatoes and nuts. Special supplements should be taken only on doctor’s prescription.
A simple and efficient way to get large amounts of potassium — how long to cook a potato or legumes. Potassium dissolves in water and remains in it. The obtained water can be used as broth for soup or sauce that will supply the body rich in potassium dish.