The last month of pregnancy is the ending of a long journey and a period of anxious waiting the birth and the birth of the awaited baby. Is considered full-term infant born at term 38-42 weeks gestation, is the middle and the end of the ninth month, but if the baby is born at 36-37 weeks, it is considered not premature, and born prematurely. This baby is quite capable of independent life, although some are more sensitive to external environmental conditions and requires a bit more attention and care. Every week of the last month he gains weight and grows, you should be ready to leave at any time.
What happens to the body in the 9th month of pregnancy
Come the last month of pregnancy, which lasts from the 37th to the 42nd week of pregnancy, on average, children born in the time 38-40 weeks, and some only a little earlier or later. The post 38 weeks of pregnancy, the fetus is considered full term, and delivery may begin on any day, only about 5% of babies are born exactly on the estimated date of delivery.
In this period the woman is already rather tired of their situation and become very heavy belly, the agonizing waiting for delivery, and frequent training fights make her tired and irritable. Now it is possible not to be afraid of premature birth, if previously had problems during gestation or had complications. Often when a scheduled caesarean section birth plan for a period of 38-40 weeks the fetus was the most Mature and full-term. Particularly difficult the last weeks before birth those who will give birth for the first time, as yet unfamiliar sensation of true labor and you is often ready to go to the hospital even with training.
The body is preparing for childbirth and continually manifest the so-called harbingers of birth. For two or three weeks before the birth there is a lowering of the abdomen due to the insertion of the fetal head in the pelvic cavity, and the gradual relaxation of the lower uterine segment and cervix. With repeated childbirth, the abdomen can be lowered directly before birth or in their early. Can decrease the circumference of the abdomen due to relative drought, due to changes in hormonal levels that helps in childbirth and reduces the risk of complications (cord prolapse, abnormal presentation, placental abruption). The woman will breathe easier, reduce heartburn and discomfort when eating.
Can be confusing pain in the lumbar region and pelvis, softening the joints and ligaments, aiding in childbirth, but affects the back and the pelvic area. A particularly nasty and strong can be pain when lowering the head into the pelvis, pressure in the pubic area, sacrum, night, pain in the perineum and the vaginal area, it is difficult to find a position in bed and sleep calmly. Practice contractions may become more and more, they help the uterus to contract actively in labor. Practice contractions are irregular and go away if you calm down and relax on the side, have the appearance of pulling in the lower abdomen and the feeling that goes hard in the stomach.
Before birth can occur the significant changes of the body, known as the harbingers of birth, along with prolapse of the stomach. These characteristics include the reduction of body weight within 2 kg because toe swelling and hormonal changes in the body, loss of appetite and the physiological cleansing of the body for childbirth. Shortly before the birth appetite decreases or is lost completely, may be loose stools and even diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.
A few days or even weeks may begin the discharge of mucous plug – she may leave parts of or entire lump as ripening the cervix and opening of the cervical canal. Mucus may be yellowish in color, may be colorless or streaked with blood. You need to fully collect the bags and papers and be ready to be sent to the hospital at any time since the beginning or the separation of water, or regular contractions at regular intervals of time. On the ninth month of pregnancy, a woman leaving home it is always necessary to take an exchange card.
The development of the fetus: weight: size and gender
In this period, the child is fully formed and ready for birth and life outside of mom’s tummy. The child has all the necessary reflexes, lungs, the respiratory movements are performed, although they are still sleeping and will be revealed only with the first breath. They produced enough surfactant to breathe on their own. Digestive system has matured and is ready to food intake and its digestion by enzymes in the intestines have accumulated a lot of original feces, which should depart only after the child is born. It was formed from amniotic fluid, skin cells, slomannyh cells that fall with zalojennye waters. Meconium has the form of a «putty-like» olive-green mass, odourless.
Baby by the ninth month has a proportional body, the skin is smooth and has a pale pink color, the skin blood vessels do not Shine, with the body almost disappeared down (lanugo), remaining just a little on the shoulders and the back, in the natural creases along with the original grease that protects the delicate skin of the crumbs. Now the baby is gaining weight and putting on growth, it becomes more and more closely in the uterus, uterine and it takes the most optimal position for birth – head down, pressing his arms and legs tightly to the body. Opportunities for active movements had not, and now it’s basically tremors, vorochaniya and stretching. They clearly felt by the mother.
There is a maturing of the nervous system, it has become increasingly sophisticated, developed and Mature. The nervous system regulates all internal organs and glands, allowing the body to function as a single system.
The liver of the fetus this month actively saving the iron for further use, the right child in the first months after birth. Iron is essential for creating new blood cells and prevent anemia. The heart is fully formed chambers and valves, except for those holes that are necessary for fetal blood flow, so that at birth it will be ready to work under the new scheme, and fetal hole will be immediately closed. Now open the oval window and the arterial canal that the blood was bypassing the lungs, and the baby has to breathe the placenta. Moreover, these are light due to the penetration of amniotic fluid makes a «breathing» motion and develop.
The boys are finally lowered into the scrotum of the testicles, in girls the large chaff lips cover small, and the process of formation of the genitalia is completed. The immune system also Matures, although it will finally be formed after birth crumbs. Mom actively passes through the placenta to your baby antibodies against the major threat of diseases from which she had been ill herself. The moment of birth the fruit reaches its final height and weight in 48-56 cm and 2800-4000г. Girls are born less than boys, although much depends on the characteristics of the parents and conditions during pregnancy.
The main sensations this month – fatigue and harbingers of birth, the woman now clearly senses all the movements and fetal movements, belly peaked and wear it extremely difficult. But for a couple of weeks before giving birth becomes easier to breathe and eat by lowering of the abdomen, the insertion of the head into the pelvis. This increased the pressure and discomfort in the pelvic region can worsen constipation and increase the urge to pee due to the pressure head on the bladder. Can be a pain in the sacrum, pelvis and hips, due to irritation of nerve endings.
Can be swelling and the risk of varicose veins, strongly stretched skin on the abdomen and itchy, you may experience stretch marks. Frequent fainting and dizziness due to hypoxia and compression of large vessels of the uterus. There is a preparation for childbirth and may occur a weight loss of 1-2 kg, diarrhea and vomiting, as an option of cleaning the body before birth. The woman feels that pulls the lower abdomen, you may experience pain in the abdomen, which indicates the start of regular contractions and labor.
By the end of pregnancy secretions increase, protecting the baby from infections that may enter through the vagina. Now the crane it is important to not develop an infection, as this will be dangerous in childbirth. Immediately should consult a doctor if there are cheesy, kroshkovidny or dairy rich secretions, and especially yellow, green, gray, and frothy with an unpleasant odor. They should immediately treat. These allocations reduce the flexibility of vaginal tissues and lead to complications in childbirth and increase the likelihood of postpartum inflammation.
Also there is a gradual discharge of the mucous plug is a transparent or slightly colored pink lumps of mucus, the tube may depart gradually, and simultaneously, a lump of mucus. Delivery will begin soon.
Tests and examinations
This month the visits will be weekly, it is important ocenyat the General condition of women, her weight and presence of edema, blood pressure and to determine the level of leukocytes, protein and glucose in urine before each visit. The doctor will assess the readiness of women for childbirth and can plan for hospitalization in the hospital in advance or with the onset of labor.
Earlier this month a survey will be done on the chair and fence smear on the flora, can be additionally scheduled blood tests. Ultrasound scheduled already passed, but the doctor in case of doubts or fears may designate additional or ultrasound conduction velocity imaging, CTG fetus. This will help in the choice of tactics in childbirth and addressing the question of how natural they will be shown or cesarean section.
Diet and weight mom
In this period the uterus is most pressing on internal organs and you should eat properly to avoid nausea and vomiting, constipation and other digestion problems. In many ways, the nutrition mom in the future depends on the birth process and the condition of the baby. In the last months of pregnancy should switch to hypoallergenic food with the exception of potentially dangerous allergens and to refuse products which can be a potential source of intestinal infections or poisoning is canned food, raw foods, boiled milk, undercooked meat and fish. It is important to pay special attention to products with calcium – dairy products and cottage cheese, yogurt. No less important is the consumption of sufficient protein in the form of red meat and iron-containing products. The amount of meat and fish in the diet need to decrease slightly in favor of fruits and vegetables, vegetable oils, grain and light food. Should give up fatty, fried and spicy foods, excess of sauces and spices, steamed, bake, braise or boil food. Should eat often, but small portions, to abandon the use of carbonated beverages fermenting foods, excess sweet and carbohydrates. Can be once a week to do fasting days with the approval of the doctor. Before birth appetite at all can be lost – and that’s fine, the body prepares for tough work and cleans the intestines.
Colds at eight months
In the ninth month, you must be careful from cold, otherwise childbirth can be complicated, and have to give birth in an isolated case observation Department. Cold dangerous violation of labor, the necessity of the use of medicines and the danger of its effect on the fetus. So, intake of paracetamol or its analogs on the process of preparing the cervix for childbirth and further complicates the birth process.
The question of intimacy in the ninth month, controversial is will be determined by the doctor. But usually the libido of women is reduced, and with such a big belly not very convenient to have sex at all. Many doctors recommend abstinence at discharge mucous plug, although orgasm does not cause premature birth. But if there are contraindications, the sex will be banned – this is a leak of amniotic fluid, placenta previa or low placentation, multiple pregnancies or the presence of isthmic-cervical insufficiency. Complexity can be a choice item, as it is necessary to completely eliminate the pressure on the stomach. If delivery is delayed, intimacy is one of the natural methods to induce labor – the male sperm has a softening effect on the cervix.