At initial diagnosis the doctors don’t have to assign a complex analysis to identify the deviation of the body of the patient. One of the most simple laboratory tests will tell a lot about a specialist. So that you too can understand the medical terms, let’s see, what does an indicator such as erythrocytes in the sediment of urine, the quantity allowed as normal and the excess. After reading this article, you will learn features of treatment increased content of red blood cells in pregnant women and in children.
What do the red blood cells in the urine
Carries oxygen to all organs and tissues of the body red blood cells are called erythrocytes. How do they get into the urine? These blood cells and plasma proteins and leukocytes in blood filtration by the kidneys should not pass through the membrane, their appearance means the presence of the disease. The normal options such an indicator may be considered, for example, when the person had a strong physical activity, stress, overheating of the body. In such cases it is necessary to retake the tests to rule out pathology.
The increased content of red blood cells in urine is called hematuria. A large number of red blood cells in the urine indicates a problem with the bladder or kidneys, or problems with genitals. For example, this may indicate pyelonephritis, kidney stones or tumors. Outwardly often the change of an indicator does not manifest itself, but if the blood urine becomes pink or red, this condition is called gross hematuria.
Devoid of hemoglobin red blood cells that can be detected by the study, called the modified or leached red blood cells. Such a condition indicates a problem with the kidneys, blood cells for a long time dwelt in urine and hemoglobin come from. Their presence visually, the patient can not see, the opportunity to consider round are colorless corpuscles under the microscope.
Fresh red blood cells, where hemoglobin has not yet managed to break, technicians discovered upon examination of sediment urine in unchanged form, as red biconcave discs. This state of blood cells present in urine, indicates diseases of the urinary organs, for example, urethritis, cystitis, or urinary ducts that held the stone.
The rate of red blood cells
According to the standards of medical laboratory studies, the presence of single blood cells is not considered a pathology, if not exceeded the established norms. So, valid is the presence in the field of view under the microscope 1 of the erythrocyte in the urine in men, and from 1 to 3 blood cells, if the analysis of urine of the woman. If you increase this indicator to look for developing pathology of the body.
The rate of red blood cells in the urine of women during pregnancy does not change up to 3 cells in field of view, but during this period, doctors closely monitor this indicator. The developing fetus when making more pressure on the organs of the future mother, because the organs of the urinary system work with the load. If kidney problems were at the woman and before conception, while waiting for the baby’s chronic illnesses can worsen, so it is very important to pass the necessary tests.
For children of normal content is considered up to 4 blood cells.
Exceeding this norm may indicate not only the diseases of the kidneys or urinary system, but also to any other pathology, which began to appear. The appearance of blood in urine is called hematuria reactive, which often manifests itself in infectious diseases as a response to intoxication.
In General, the analysis of urine
To identify or exclude the presence of red blood cells collected from a patient subjected to General urine analysis. This method of diagnosis is included in the list of mandatory primary survey for all patients, regardless of their presumed diagnosis. Method of analysis like this: the drop is examined under the microscope, the lab technician counts only the number of blood cells, which were found on the surveyed site.
This type of diagnosis is carried out when the overall analysis revealed an excess of red blood cells. Blood cells is also counted under magnification of the microscope, but in separate squares, and then determined their average value. Indicators of red blood cells in the analysis by Nechiporenko are considered normal if their level does not exceed 1000 units per 1 ml.
Treatment increased content of red blood cells in pregnancy
When expecting a child, a woman must regularly do tests, not to miss the high content of red blood cells in the urine, if such a symptom would manifest. Often this indicates a malfunction in the urinary system due to the increasing pressure of the fetus, which is dangerous for the health of mother and child. The woman conducting the ultrasound bladder and kidney to establish the true cause of the ingress of blood in the urine, for example, to exclude uterine bleeding. After diagnosis, a treatment of revealed pathologies.
Video: what to do if increased red blood cells in urine in children
So you did not lose because of bad analysis of your child and knowing what next steps need to be taken, watch the following video. For a few minutes, the doctor-the nephrologist will talk in detail about the causes of hematuria that may affect urine color change and what additional data may need a specialist for accurate diagnosis.