It is obvious that the true lovers of fortified wines are very good in their grades. Sherry, port, Madeira, Marsala – these names at least once in life each of us had heard. However, many adherents of low — alcohol and soft drinks have a very vague idea. In this case the word «port» is our compatriots more negative associations with alcohol base. Meanwhile, traditional drinks such plan are made from selected grapes of a very difficult technology. They have a rich taste and delicate aroma. In this article we will explain what is the difference between sherry from the port.
Sherry is fortified wine made in Spain from white grapes. In comparison with drinks such plan it is the most sophisticated production technology. No wonder that sherry gave preference to such famous figures as Benjamin Franklin, Pablo Picasso, Arthur Conan Doyle, Cervantes, and even Chekhov. In English-speaking countries, this product is often referred to as «sherry». Thus it is a strictly regional brand. That is known as the sherry wine can only be created in the triangle between the three cities of the Spanish region of Andalusia.
Of course, trying to make a drink at another site was performed repeatedly. But to call the resulting product the sherry was a stretch. After all, only in Spain have fertile soil for growing certain grape varieties. And only a locals know all the secrets and subtleties of cooking product that is transferred from generation to generation for hundreds of years. The drink was named in honor of the city where he began to produce in the late II century BC Surprisingly, sherry worldwide fame in the fifteenth century provided not Spaniards, and Englishmen, engaged in bulk import of product.
Port wine is fortified wine that is produced in the northeast of Portugal. Falls under the category of spirits, whose origin is strictly controlled. That is, a port can be called only fortified wines produced in the Douro valley in Portugal. To confirm the authenticity of the product on the neck of each bottle is glued with a special mark.
As for the story behind the drink, it has its roots in the XI century. Henry II of Burgundy, and received in dowry the County Portugal, began to replace grown on its territory grapes vines brought from their homeland. However, obtained from the berries of the drink could not boast of exquisite taste. The trade war between England and France was first forced to abandon the import of wines from the region of Bordeaux in favor of Portugal. But because the products spoil during long sea transportation, the drink began to dilute brandy. The result is a fortified wine that was exported through the port Port. That explains the name «port». In England, it sounded like «wine-Porto». In the nineteenth century alcohol began to add directly to the wort, which has made a modern version of the drink.
to contents ↑the Difference between sherry and port wine
Consider the technology of preparation for us types of alcohol. Sherry excrete from Mature grape variety «Palomino». Squeezed the juice out of it undergoes a process of fermentation in stainless steel tanks or barrels for a bucket. Sometimes during fermentation added a special yeast forming on the surface of the liquid layer, called Flor. Protecting the wine from interacting with the air, it prevents the oxidation of the drink. However, this technology is used to produce only a few varieties. There is also Jerez oxidative exposure, which is obtained during storage of open drums on the air. As covered, not covered floor the must is settled for about a year. The product is then gradually fixed by adding 96% grape spirit. As a result of these manipulations is formed a solution with 24-degree alcohol content. They mounted the main volume of wine. Ready to drink is aged in barrels for at least three years of highly original technology «Solera».
As for the wine, this drink has a simple recipe. The traditional method of production requires crushing the grapes with their feet in a special tub. The process of fermentation only lasts a few days, after which it is securing. Fermentation is interrupted artificially by adding into the juice a 77-degree grape alcohol. Young product is aged in sealed oak barrels for 3-6 years: this is enshrined in law.
Another difference from the sherry wine is that the first is produced only in Spain. While the second is the birthplace of Portugal. Jerez is obtained only from white grapes. Its strength may vary from 15 to 20 degrees. The sugar content depends on the varieties of the drink. However, the port is considered a more sweet product. After all, at the time of artificial interruption of the fermentation in it remains part of grape sugar. The port can be both red and white. The strength of the drink is on average from 20 to 22 degrees. As mentioned above, on the neck of the bottle with this wine there is a label which is a proof of its authenticity. While on the vessel with sherry similar marks are absent.
Let us add that the last drink is often referred to as «ladies ‘ cognac», because he won wide popularity among the fairer sex. The port is considered a Mans drink. It has a harmonious taste, which has a distinctly fruity or fruit flavors. Jerez also has a very specific bouquet by curing in the open air or under a yeast film. The taste of wine is refreshing with a sharp salty-bitter notes. Finally, in comparison with the sherry wine is a much younger drink. The story of the first is rooted in the II century BC, the latter became known only in the XI century.
To summarize, what is the difference between sherry and port wine.
The fermentation process lasts about a year
Fermentation is interrupted by artificial means through 24-72 hours
Is kept in the open air (sometimes under a layer of yeast)
Advocates in closed barrels
Has a more complex recipe
Technology creation much easier
The traditional drink is produced only in Spain
A genuine wine made in Portugal
Obtained only from white grapes
Used both white and red varieties of raw materials
Fortress varies from 15 to 20 degrees
The alcohol content can reach up to 22 %
The mark of authenticity is missing
On the neck of the bottle there is a sticker confirming the origin of the product
Is popular among the fairer sex
Is considered a Mans drink
Has a refreshing salty-bitter taste
Has a harmonious taste with fruit or fruit notes
The history of wine dates back to II century BC
Is a much younger drink