For residents of Russia woods and groves are not exotic – over each of us, for once, joins their cool, green canopy. Here and there – the trees… so, maybe it’s the same thing? Yes and no. The surveyor making clear the difference between a grove of trees from the forest. But from the point of view of the botany of the difference between these plant communities may not be.
The blitz review of the forestry
The forest is a multifaceted concept. It’s not just a certain number of trees occupying a certain area. According to scientific terminology, the forest is the ecosystem. It is a collection of plants and animals inhabiting a certain territory and, through the circulation of substances and energy, is closely associated with inorganic component – water, air, soil minerals and organic residues. The system is complex, self-regulating, and (under favorable circumstances) self-righting.
A leading role in afforestation plays a forest stand, i.e. the main breed, one or several. The forest can be pure and mixed, single-stage and multistage. Its vertical structure is not chaotic, but quite uporyadochennye: the first (upper) layer is formed the main rock, followed by the second from trees of lower height and below – the third, consisting of shrubs.
All woody vegetation that lives under the main canopy, is divided into the undergrowth and underbrush. The undergrowth is the young shoots of the main species, which over the years will replace the parent method. The undergrowth never destined to be a forest, because he is undersized and average height of shrubs.
Herbaceous vegetation, mosses and lichens also occupy the space allocated to them (that is what the foresters classify the plantation: pine-forest, spruce-kiselycznyk, cedar herb-fern, etc.). Foresters call another, the lowest and most populous tier: this is the litter, the habitat of many invertebrates and rodents.
All of the above applies to the grove. But from the point of view of the topography of the difference of the trees from the forest quite significantly: the grove – the area of forest is relatively small in area and standing apart. Educated, usually hardwoods but occasionally there are light and example Lindulovskaya larch grove (reserve in the Leningrad region). Or Ship grove, captured for posterity I. I. Shishkin.
to content ↑From forests to groves
A wide belt of forests has spread across our country, ensuring Russia first place in the world reserves of wood.
As we move to the South, dark coniferous taiga gives way to deciduous arrays, and then solid forest gradually thins the veil, breaking up into separate Islands. It is the steppe that occurred not so much under the influence of climate, as a result of human activity.
Groves, standing in the middle of meadows and ploughed fields, on the Siberian referred to as «pegs» (with the accent on the first syllable), and the Urals – «okaki». That is something split off, separated.
to content ↑Economic value
Forest – supplier of oxygen on a planetary scale, the regulator of the climate and protection of waterways. In large arrays it is industrial logging; the word itself is often used in combination «roundwood», «sawn wood», that is, logs, building material. In mnogoletnih regions are kotopoulo land mine, a soft gold fur.
Groves are of no commercial value, but are highly valued from an aesthetic point of view. This is especially true of suburban areas where clumps of trees dot the landscape and serve as a place of recreation. In addition, areas of trees and shrubs, interspersed with fields that are useful for agriculture: they protect the crops from the winds and regulate the humidity level.
to contents ↑the Difference between a grove and a forest in our perception
People have different perceptions of essentially the same thing, depending on the scope of the phenomenon. Even those who never left urban neighborhoods, it is easy to understand what the difference is between the grove and the forest – it sounds in song and verse, is clearly visible in the paintings of painters.
The word «forest» occurs in the minds of something boundless, but not monolithic, but composed of countless individual beings. This «something» lives his life beckons, but also alarming. Forest environment is aggressive enough: getting lost in it, they can only survive under favourable circumstances, or with certain skills. This is the domain of large predators and no less ferocious midges. In the literature the forest is awarded with adjectives: dense, dark, impenetrable, mysterious…
Grove much more human friendly: it is «Nightingale», «Golden», the inhabitants of her harmless little animals and birds. Respect to it sounds in the title is what should be grown and stored. Not found mention of spruce and fir groves, and for good reason. Grove, in our understanding, the place is bright, cosy and friendly, it is not associated with mossy, gloomy fir-wood. But palm or bamboo grove is quite a common phenomenon – of course, under the southern sun.
to content ↑Comparative table
Characteristics of the forest stand
A large array of any forest tree species. Characteristics (species composition, age and others) can be very diverse
Planting, relatively small in area and isolated from other arrays. Has deciduous, rarely in coniferous composition
Everywhere favored by the climate and relatively low population density.
For Russia it is a taiga zone, and the zone of deciduous forests
Relic and the artificial groves are found in the steppe zone.
Preserved within cities as the remains of the former forest land
Role in the ecology and the economy
Environmental factor on a planetary scale.
The source of timber, including export, kotopoulo land and a place of mass-timber forest products
Locally resists soil erosion, improve the microclimate on adjacent agricultural lands.
Due to small size industrial does not matter
Recreational and landscape value
Mastered (relatively) only suburban arrays. Dotted around smaller settlements, along rivers and roads.
Note: the forests of Russia are of great tourist potential, but so far only in the long term
Groves available and completely safe, because they – a popular holiday destination and of collecting the gifts of nature.
Valued in aesthetic terms, because it is quite picturesque
Subjective perception and real risks
The forest attracts, but at the same time causes a feeling of alertness, and sometimes real fear.
Those who in the forest is living and working, behave according to certain rules, with reasonable diligence
Grove seems friendly – it is light, it is easy to navigate. Get lost or encounter with a large predator is highly unlikely