Stops most people who every day have a lot to stand and walk, are exposed to severe loading and deformation. Buying low-quality shoes is also harmful to health – the legs begin to ache, fatigued and heavy. Therefore, knowledge about how to choose orthopedic insole, useful for any man who is worried about their health. Particularly useful are these devices for people who suffer from flat feet or heel spurs. Even orthotic insoles are recommended for athletes – physical activity has a negative impact on the foot.
Why do we need orthotics
The functional role of orthotic insoles – stop protection of person from undue stress. People in average per day from three to six thousand steps, which can not affect negatively on the health of the feet. The main risk groups – children, pregnant women, athletes and those who have long daily stand: doctors, security guards or vendors. Properly fitted arch supports can help prevent:
- stop fatigue;
- the load on the spine;
- the formation of blisters;
- the decreased sensitivity of the skin.
The kinds of insoles from flat feet
On the shelves of pharmacies and orthopedic shops it is possible to find two types of insoles: therapeutic or sports. Every one of the insoles have their own distinctive features: sports insoles are more for prevention of foot diseases and medical directly to restore the physiological position of the stop.
These orthopedic insoles are used most of the athletes of the world. In their application significantly improved support and spring function of the foot, reduces the risk of injuries, increases endurance. Sports orthopedic insoles due to its design properties have to provide for stabilization of the ankle joint and all parts of the feet due to the uniform distribution of the resulting load.
There is a certain number of diseases in which doctors are advised to wear a therapeutic insole. The sole of the foot each person has individual anatomical characteristics, so experts do not advise to buy in a store standard insoles. Depending on the disease and the structure of the foot, choose a personal doctor corrective inserts for each patient.
How to choose orthotics
To find the insoles you need, depending on the problems associated with foot disorders. For accurate diagnosis you should consult a doctor, and then either purchase at the pharmacy standard earphones or order them on the individual characteristics of the foot in orthopedic salon. The last option is the best – the effectiveness of treatment when personal selection is much higher.
Along with the usual flat feet may develop hallux valgus or heel spur, and in children is often observed club foot. If these unpleasant diseases is not treated, further there is the probability of occurrence of problems with the spine/joints. With some knowledge, you can acquire the necessary arch support to wear with this or that disease stop, without resorting to costly to manufacture.
With flat feet
This disease is one of the most popular in the world, it affects 60-70 per cent of the population of the planet. It occurs because of weakening muscles of the feet with frequent walking. Depending on the type of flatfoot are special insoles:
- Cross. Insoles with this flat foot should have the heel and ulicny corrector separator fingers. The liner serves to correct the transverse arch of the soles of the feet.
- Longitudinal. Orthotics for flat feet of this type should have special wedges that change the angle of the foot in the Shoe. The main feature – the specified height of the arch support to correct the longitudinal arch of the muscles of the feet.
When hallux valgus
The main feature of this disease is the formation of painful outgrowth at the base of the big toe. When ploskovalgusnaya strain the foot takes on an x-shaped cutout, due to the gradual eversion of the fingers and heels outward. To treat such ailment is not easy, however, if you use a special Shoe insoles in combination with massages and exercises the process is significantly accelerated. The arch supports are installed in two places (heel and toes) that helps to simultaneously adjust the direction of correction.
When the heel spur
Cure heel spurs is a very complex and lengthy exercise. Important role in this process plays an unloading of the foot achieved with the help of special insoles (podatocite). Insole with heel spur help the feet to stay in the correct position, as a kind of corset. Modern podatocite are made mainly from silicone and are attached to the Shoe using the included adhesive retainer is non-slip. The benefits of using insoles and podatocite:
- reduce the load on the sole of the foot;
- improve blood circulation;
- prevent fatigue;
- have the prevention of diseases of joints and spine;
- fix the arches of the foot in the correct position.
Depending on the pathology, insoles for adults are different, which is clearly seen from the table:
|Type insoles||Characteristic features and purpose|
|VP-1 and VP-2||Special insoles from flat feet with calcaneal arch supports for the correction and treatment of the longitudinal arch of the foot|
|VP-3||Used for the treatment of torsion of the foot, are under pronator anterior part of the foot|
|VP-6||Universal corrective inserts, specially designed for the correction of the two arches of the foot, has several supinatory tabs|
|VP-7||Insoles, created to get rid of clubfoot and shortening of the foot caused by wearing heels, equipped pronator around the edge of the foot|
|VP-10||Insoles with special grooves for the correction of flatfoot, get rid of corns and calluses|
Special insoles from flat feet or clubfoot for children must be used before the appearance of the disease. Because the child’s foot is formed of up to five years, it is better to warn illness, than then to treat. The basic requirements for children’s insoles: lightweight, durability. They should not be felt when driving the child, to approach any Shoe for the proper development of the musculoskeletal system of the child. You can buy children insoles, which have a liner with aluminum foil – it protects the fragile feet of the little ones from the cold in winter.
Video: types of orthopedic insoles, their description and purpose, how to choose orthotics
Each custom arch support designed for treatment of flat feet and other diseases of the feet, has its own peculiarities. Before you choose medical orthopedic insoles, you should understand their types and purpose. The right instep should fully comply with the physiological characteristics of the musculoskeletal system of each individual. About these and other rules of choice of orthopedic insoles you will be able to learn by watching an informative video.
Vadim, 32 years: the Flat foot I suffer from childhood – it’s not even called in the army. With a long walk often sore feet, and at the end of the day they begin to swell. After several months of use of special insoles my condition improved from flat feet completely, I’m not free, but the discomfort from long walks disappeared.
Marina, 28 years: my child is two years of the first symptoms of flatfoot. Doctor prescribed orthopedic insoles for children, which take the desired shape for the correction on first use. We have opted for a model ORTO Fun. After long wear we found out from the doctor that the foot started to develop normally and the curvature has disappeared. I advise everyone.
Victor, 24 years: I was doing athletics for four years and from the very beginning using sports orthotics. They well help to protect feet from damage and to prevent the development of flatfoot. I, like all athletes, made insoles are individually made to order. Better to spend money once and make a qualitative corrective ear than to treat nasty diseases.