That will have to withstand a pregnant woman known to many is and analyses, and various studies aimed at clarifying the health status of women and the identification of possible pathologies. This can all be summarized by one name — the screening of pregnant women.
Screening of pregnant women is a complex research and techniques aimed at the study of the fetus for possible serious pathologies. Through screening it is possible to identify in advance, for example, down syndrome. The procedure necessary for any future mother.
Types of screening pregnant
The screening is divided into 2 types: ultrasonic and biochemical. Both of these screening aims in fact at one and the same, but are different. Hold them in each trimester. They both are designed to find possible anomalies and suspicious inconsistencies in the development of a fetus.
Biochemical screening of pregnant women is carried out using a blood test. Blood is taken in certain periods of pregnancy and the tests identify possible problems. Initial tests can be erroneous, therefore, to clarify the diagnosis is usually carried out additional tests.
In order to complement the current picture, performed ultrasound screening. It also helps to identify problems during pregnancy. Especially important are the first and early studies. At this time, you can identify the greatest number of violations in pregnancy and begin treatment on time.
In case of detection of any abnormalities pregnant prescribe more research on chromosomal abnormalities. After 20 weeks during such tests the probability of complications is greater, so all of pregnancy it is better to identify in the early stages, although sometimes it fails.
Minus screening of pregnant that the tests not always detect a problem. Sometimes on the contrary the study shows pathology, and her, that is, the screening gives false results. Still, such studies must be treated carefully because they often help to avoid many problems and diseases during pregnancy.