What distinguishes the act from the offense?

In the Russian language there are many words-paronyms. Under similar sounding they have different lexical values. Take the terms «deed» and «misconduct», which systematically confuse. Obviously, the first word is much more commonly used in daily circulation, and its meaning is clear to everyone. While the latter usually referred to a professional legal terminology. In this article we will discuss the difference between the act of misconduct.

Definition

Act

Action – conscious action by which a person is approved as a person in relation to himself, other people or society as a whole. Is the basic unit of social behavior. Not every action of an individual can be called a deed, but only that which takes place under the influence of a deliberate choice. Its content defines morality and moral behavior, the distinction of good and evil. The act consists of the following components: motive, purpose, object transformations, means, process, result and evaluation. Thus, human action is preceded by internal plan, developed the intention. Besides the individual there is a forecast of the expected results and consequences of the act committed, to other people or society. It should be noted that the action can be expressed both in action and in inaction. For example, a person is able to Express its position verbally or to demonstrate their attitude to anyone using gaze, facial expressions, intonation, etc. we will Add that in the assessment act must be considered a system of norms and values accepted in a given society.

Misconduct

Misconduct – an act or omission, infringing upon social relations. Is unlawful. Committed persons, able to take responsibility for the harm caused. In comparison with the misdemeanor crime is less of a danger to society. Its classification depends on the social relations within which the act is performed. In law there are three main types of misconduct: disciplinary, civil and administrative. The first are violations of work regulations or other requirements of industrial, educational, service, or military discipline. The second – non-observance of norms in the sphere of property or personal relationships. The third is guilty of an act infringing on the public or public order, rights and freedoms of citizens, their property, etc. it Should be added that the offense often is committed not only intentionally but also by negligence. The example of this accidental violation.

to contents ↑the Difference between an act and a misdemeanor

As can be seen from the definitions, consider the acts differ in a number of parameters. Let’s start with the fact that the word «act» has a neutral emotional connotation. That is, it can be both positive and negative. It all depends on the nature of actions and their consequences. After all, act with equal degrees of frequency used with the prefix «heroic» or, on the contrary, «immoral». When the word «misconduct» is always enclosed in the negative sense. This is a wrongful act that infringes the social relationships. Often it entails any punishment (fine, reprimand, dismissal) up to administrative responsibility. The act may be awarded to reward, say thanks. Although nefarious act is often subjected to stigmatization.

Another difference between the act of misconduct is that the first can be done by anyone, whether child or mentally unbalanced person. The second term is used only in delectationem person, that is, to the individual who is able to take responsibility for the harm caused. In addition, the offense always has a social character and is a definite threat to society. In this regard, the essence of this concept lies in the field of jurisprudence. In comparison, the act generically is a term that affects various areas of people’s lives. It does not always have social skills and can act as a way to approval of the individual in relation to himself.

To summarize, what is the difference between an act and a misdemeanor.

Act
Misconduct

Can be both positive and negative
Always has a negative connotation

Not beyond the law
An illegal act

This can be encouraged or be condemned
Punishable

Done anyone
The term is used only in delectationem face

Not always has a social focus
Is social in nature

Affect different areas of people’s lives
The concept lies in the field of jurisprudence

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