People suffering from diabetes, you must due attention be paid to diet. Food for diabetics should be chosen so that the body in the right amount of received carbohydrates, fats and proteins, vitamins and minerals.
Diet therapy in diabetes mellitus — the main recommendations
Caloric intake for each patient is calculated individually. It is affected by body weight, gender, age and physical activity.
When a diabetic diet should be completely excluded from the diet sugar and all products containing it. Diabetic sweet products can be replaced by products with fructose, or other sugar substitute. For diabetics they are not really useful, but in this case it is necessary to choose the lesser of two evils.
To the stomach easier to digest fats, it is recommended to include in the diet spices. Also do not forget about these low-carb products for diabetics, like garlic, onions, cabbage, celery and spinach. Need to unsubscribe from cherries, plums, grapes, apricots, bananas, chestnuts. A great alternative to coffee is chicory is a healthy and affordable drink.
Below is a list of low carb foods for diabetics should be the priority in drawing up the diet. Proper nutrition promotes the normalization of metabolic processes in the body and reduces the risk of spikes in blood sugar.
Allowed foods for diabetics
Bread products and bread. These products should be made from whole grains and bran added. White bread is better avoided from the diet.
Soups. Diabetics to better to prefer vegetarian or vegetable soups. No more than 2-3 times a week to eat borsch, rassolnik, okroshka and bean soup. In the preparation of entrees, you cannot roast the vegetables.
Meat and poultry. People with diabetes is perfectly suitable for any lean meats and poultry: beef, veal, mutton, rabbit, Turkey and chicken. Consume better meals in boiled, stewed or baked form. From sausages which are better excluded from the diet, suitable for cooked sausages with a minimum content of fat.
Fish and seafood. Diabetic nutrition is encouraged consumption of sea and river fish. Do not neglect and all sorts of seafood.
Vegetables. A diabetic can eat any vegetables, except potatoes, carrots and beets. It is also important to control the amount of beans, beans and green peas in the diet.
Berries and fruits. You should prefer unsweetened varieties of fruits and berries: apples, pears, lemons, grapefruit, oranges, pomegranates, peaches, currants, raspberries, cranberries, lingonberries and strawberries. But grapes, melon and bananas are highly undesirable in the diet of the diabetic.
Cereals. Diabetes is very useful porridge: oats, barley, buckwheat and millet. But the rice only brown parboiled. Semolina is not necessary to exclude.
Dairy products. Diabetics is a very healthy dairy products with minimal fat content: milk, cheese and yogurt. The hard cheeses and sour cream should be limited.
Drinks. Drinking regime of a diabetic should consist of mineral water, broth hips, tea and tomato juice.
For diabetics sugar should be a priority. Sweets is possible, but only in limited quantities and only when hypoglycemia.