Common cold: causes, symptoms, risks

Most people get sick with colds during the change of seasons, such as autumn or spring. Experts combine these diseases into one category and called ARI.

О простуде

Causes of

Pathogens — viruses and bacteria (staph, pneumococcus).

The disease is transmitted by airborne droplets from another infected person. High risk infecting other people in the first 2 days of illness. During this period you feel good and do not suspect about the disease, continue to attend work and public places, infecting those around people. Hence such a huge number of patients.

What increases the risk of infection

Of disease due to the weakening of the immune system and deficiency of vitamins which support our body. This is typical in the spring, when there is a deficiency.

The most common cause of bacteria and viruses in the body is hypothermia. In addition, stress contributes to the development of the disease, because they lower the immune system.

To whom to dangerous cold

The disease is dangerous for the following categories of people:

— children up to 3 years;

— elderly people who have insufficient immunity due to age;

— the presence of chronic diseases complicates the disease, which in turn can cause complications;

— people with low immunity are very vulnerable to infection, especially cancer patients and HIV infected.

Symptoms

The symptoms of a cold include:

— increase of body temperature (the natural protective mechanism of our body against any infection)

— the appearance of weakness

— loss of appetite

a runny nose and nasal congestion

— headaches

If you notice these symptoms, many are beginning to self-medicate. This is not worth it, since if not properly treated can cause various complications. In the future, it can greatly affect your health. Therefore, it is better to consult a specialist.

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