The child and the computer: a study of Americans

The issue of social interaction students increasingly raised by experts on parenting, health. The failure of emotion recognition, a desire to spend more time behind the screen is one of the major problems of our time .

Проблема нашего времени

In the U. S. very active in research about children. It’s no secret that modern children spend more and more time in front of screens, which structurally has changed, but continues to affect the psychological state of the viewer.

Of particular concern was the survey results of California students on the ability to recognize emotions. The participants of the experiment, not exposed to on-screen effects during the working week, better read human emotions, than children with regular access to phones, computers and TVs.

Reduction of time of direct contact with people has led to the deterioration of the skills of reading emotional information from the face and other nonverbal signals. Meanwhile, about the dangers of smartphones, tablets and other screen attributes of the question, they are actively introduced in educational process of technical training.

Signal to educators

Anthropogenic suppression of the ability to recognize emotions is undoubtedly an alarming Wake-up call for parents and teachers. Because the new psychological limitation may grow into a problem of social interaction of students, which is always done face to face, and the factor of emotional evaluation of the action or decision plays an important role.

At the level of common sense the result means the recommendation of reducing screen time for children. The supporting argument is the view on development: from infancy a person interacts with parents and other people face to face, and this way of modeling behavior should not disappear. In a world of increasing technological innovation the social value of direct human interaction only increases.

Not coincidentally, while chatting and telephone correspondence, the youth created a whole culture of substitute visual signals of emotional reactions to on-screen text and its content. The points with parentheses and a whole galaxy of emoticons undoubtedly are designed to satisfy the need in emotional communication.

Limit time on screen

For many decades, science and practice have gained experience in the dissemination of warnings about the need to reduce screen time for children. If the age of 3-18 years, 2 hours a day is enough. Up to 2 years – no hour at all.

Problem sixth graders from a California study more than 4 hours per day watching TV and playing video games. Similar experiments show that children under 8 years old spend about 2 hours a day in front of the screen. Children from 2 to 10 years, less than half the screen time work with educational material. However, in less wealthy families, focused on education as a factor in future life success, screen students pay more time and attention compared with families who already have high incomes.

Targeted and intelligent use of digital media is quite justified and useful, but with the screen connected only a part of life that should not deprive children of other remarkable things.

Examines the negative effects of screen time: childhood obesity, irregular sleep, problems of social communication and adaptation, as well as intra-behavior. All of them are accompanied by reduction of the skills of social interaction characteristic of human evolution. The resolution of a conflict of interest in family see «media diet», jointly by parents and children.

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