The problem of adoption of children is particularly acute. One solution to this issue — substituted parents. Who are they in the role of regular candidates in the Siberian region? What is their psychological profile?
Social orphanhood has been attracting increasing attention in recent years. Raising children in orphanages and boarding schools in the science and practice consider inappropriate. Children are ill-adapted to a normal independent life. The alternative is the foster family. This social institution has not yet found widespread distribution, exist in different regions and predominantly in urban areas.
Foster parents of foster children in Siberian region
Among people interested in other people’s children, childless is slightly higher than the number of those who have their own children. In regard to form of taking the child: the adherents of adoption reach about half of the respondents, the guardianship and trusteeship prefer 20% and just 5-6% ready to create a replacement family. 25-26% is still undecided at the time of applying to the relevant structures.
The appearance of the surrogate parents have not been studied. Usually such study is in three interconnected and interdependent areas: what a person seeks, his ability and what constitutes as a person.
Their life self-determination had reached an important stage. They become more focused in the hierarchy of values on family and parenthood. Their personal characteristics due to the attachment system and the characteristics of motivational and cognitive sphere.
The candidates for foster parents are employed, almost all (94%), the majority in full-time employment. 30% of them in managerial positions. 51% have higher education, 27% secondary special. Their average age is 36 years. First of all, when choosing their interested in the sex and age of the child. Only 4-5% are significant external qualities of the child.
In 57% of cases the initiator was made by one of the parents, the others made a joint decision. There are many reasons, but the main are two: solitude and childlessness of the parent (32%) and the desire to assist the disadvantaged and parental feelings (14%). Half do not tend to dwell on their motives.
The importance of values in life begins with love, health, family. Social status, religion, rest is not a priority. Everyone thinks that the events occurring with them, depend on their personal qualities and are a consequence of their own activity.
They are accustomed to answer for his life. Do not avoid and are not concerned about close relationships. In conflicts, they focused on a compromise solution that is less prone to rivalry. Not prone to stressful conditions and depressive disorders, aggressiveness, adaptable. This is due to their subjective control. The higher it is, the better the awareness about foster parenting. As well as the older.
Gender-specific candidates is quite common. In men, verbal aggression is more pronounced than in women. But women are more concerned about intimacy than men.