What distinguishes a principle from the law?

The law and the principle of the concepts, sometimes very close to each other. But in most cases they correspond to different phenomena. What does it mean? What distinguishes a principle from the law?

The content of the article

What is the law?

First of all, it should be noted that the law is the concept of multivalued. There are laws of nature, physics, there are those that are accepted by the authorities. They are all fundamentally different from one another. But in a General sense, the term «law» can be understood a certain rule (or set of them) that affect some area of science or part of social processes and which is the norm for these areas.

The main features of the law:

  • following the implementation of its provisions;
  • a predominantly practical orientation.

Following the provisions of the act may be carried out for the reason that it is obligatory or normative when it comes to the legal act adopted by a state. Adherence to its provisions is and actual (undisputed or undisputed) — if considered a law of nature or physics.

Practical orientation in this case means developing norms based on the real observation of the processes during a scientific experiment or study of society. The law is based on practical knowledge of the subject which it develops or discovers.

to contents ↑What is the principle?

The principle is also polysemantic concept. There are philosophical principles, legal, technological. Their essence is very different. But in a General sense, the term «principle» can be understood as a definite description (or a set) of processes observed in scientific research, in production, in society, in the economy, which does not contradict the essence of these processes and may disclose their details.

The main features of the principle:

  • it has a descriptive, non-normative nature;
  • in many respects the theoretical orientation.

The principle is not the norm, which necessarily should follow or which conclusively explains the course of some processes — as in the case with the law. The principle can also be practically oriented, but it often happens that during its formation are taken into account are not actual observations and theoretical calculations, assumptions, and modeling results.

to contents ↑the Difference between a principle and a law

The main difference of principle from the law is that the former is descriptive, while the second made to follow (or this is done naturally). Laws are predominantly based on practice — results of observation, experiment, analysis. The principles are largely based on theoretical approaches and practical aspect during their formation can be taken into account.

Between law and principle quite a lot in common. Both reflect attempts by scholars to generalize the patterns observed during scientific observation or study of social processes. The principles can be the basis of laws and in some cases become them unchanged, if it is found that the initial theoretical assumptions are correct so that correspond to practical observations.

Defining the difference between a principle and a law, let’s fix it key criteria in the table.

to content ↑Comparative table

The law
The principle

What is common between them?

Law and principle are the results of attempts by scientists or experts to summarize the patterns observed during a scientific experiment or in the study of social processes

The principles are often the basis of laws

What is the difference between them?

Implies following him (because of the normativity of nature or virtually)
Implies not follow him, be descriptive in nature

Based primarily on practice
Largely based on theoretical approaches

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