Monarchy as form of government is represented by several species. Among those is an absolute monarchy. What are its main features? What distinguishes a monarchy from the absolute monarchy of the modern type?
The content of the article
- What is absolute monarchy?
- The difference between absolute monarchy and constitutional monarchy (modern type)
- Comparison table
What is absolute monarchy?
Absolute monarchy is considered to be a form of government characterized by absolute power of the ruler — the king, the king, Emir. He carries out the adoption of laws, issue instructions regarding their implementation, can be the subject of adjudication, in some public systems is the spiritual leader. The power of the head of state absolute monarchy, as a rule, is inherited.
In the political system of absolute monarchies can offer different authorities. But most often it is the structure that do not have a significant impact on the decisions made by the Governor and are directly accountable to him.
The administrative system in absolute monarchy often highly centralized. The powers of local authorities to a minimum. The functions of the Central authorities in some parts of the country is strictly regulated.
The economy of the state is an absolute monarchy, is characterized by constant interference of the authorities in economic processes. But it can actively protect the interests of national producers in the international market.
to contents ↑the Difference between absolute monarchy and constitutional monarchy (modern type)
In scientific literature this form of government, absolute monarchy (also called traditional), often contrasted with a constitutional monarchy, which characterizes many modern States.
In a number of key signs of both forms of government are similar. The power of the ruler and inherited. The monarch in both forms of government is legally independent of any other political structures. However, his powers varies of absolute and constitutional monarchy. What does it mean?
Above we noted that the head of state is an absolute monarchy, single-handedly enacts laws, monitors their performance, and sometimes is the subject of judicial decision making. In a constitutional monarchy these roles are independent from the monarch and from each other power branches — legislative, Executive and judicial.
Their formation is carried out through elections or regulations set out in separate sources of law, and appropriate procedures are carried out, typically without the active participation of the monarch. Its functions can be reduced to the signing of the necessary documents that certify the powers of various authorities.
Thus, the main difference of the absolute monarchy from a constitutional monarchy — the level of authority of the ruler. In the first case, they are not limited and are not shared with other political structures. In a constitutional monarchy, a large portion is transferred to the level of legislative, representative and judicial branches of government.
The administrative system in the constitutional monarchies more often than not so centralized, as in absolute. Local governments, municipalities have a fairly large amount of power. The activities of the officials is often not accountable to the Central authorities.
The economy is in a constitutional monarchy is characterized not so strong intervention of the state in economic processes, as it may occur in absolute monarchies. For economic development in this case are essentially responsible ministries and agencies within the Executive branch of government, but their powers are strictly regulated by law and often severely limited.
Defining the difference between absolute monarchy and the monarchy of the modern type, will reflect the main findings in the table.
to content ↑Comparative table
Constitutional monarchy (modern type)
What is common between them?
The head of state is the monarch, his power is inherited
The monarch is legally independent from other political parties formed in the state
What is the difference between them?
The powers of the monarch are limited by law
The powers of the monarch are limited by law (a large portion of them transferred to the level of the legislative, Executive and judiciary)
The administrative system in the state is highly centralized: officials at the level of local authorities accountable to Central authorities
The centralization of the administrative system, as a rule, much weaker than in the absolute monarchy: officials at the level of local authorities may not be accountable to the Central authorities
The state carries out active intervention in the economy
Intervention in the economy takes place, as a rule, only one or several state bodies with restrictions spelled out in the law