Pain in the milk glands called mastalgia is a symptom, which sometimes bothers 2/3 women. As a rule, it occurs at a young age, when she is still in a reproductive condition. However, women in postmenopause can also be observed in this condition. Why sore breast gland? The nature of the symptom can be substantiated by physiological processes, hormonal imbalance, mechanical injury, development of any disease. If you experience pain, you should consult a doctor.
Why do my Boobs hurt
Mammary gland, an organ the development of which respond to sex hormones. This explains that any disturbances of a hormonal background can stimulate pain in the chest area. Before menstruation the female body is trying to maintain the possibility of pregnancy in this period. Increases the level of hormones. Causing inflammation of the mammary glands, causing them to grow and constantly whine. Symptom takes place immediately after the end of menstruation, the Breasts become soft again and still have the size.
If women have mid-cycle ache breast cancer, while there is discomfort in the abdomen is linked to the process, when the hormones are removed the egg. Such the pain go away after ovulation. Hormones play an important role, having a decisive effect on the function of the breast. If the level of progesterone decreases simultaneously with increasing amounts of estrogen, the development of various pathologies: cystic disease, breast disease, breast cancer.
Natural causes of pain
Why can breast cancer hurt? Mastalgia is divided into cyclic and acyclic. The first one is connected with the menstrual cycle, the second has no relation to the physiological processes occurring in the female body. Acyclic pain often indicates damage (injury) of the muscles, but the woman may feel that sore breast.
Cyclical pain, usually cover both Breasts, spreading on outer and upper part. It is accompanied by symptoms such as: swelling, puffiness, irritation of the ducts. And women talk about the feeling of fullness of the chest, as if it became heavier. How to recognize:
- pronounced cyclical pain in the last week before menstruation;
- occurs in 70% of women before menopause.
Noncyclical pain often affects only one breast gland, localities in a particular place. Less common symptom is diffuse in nature, affecting the whole breast up to the armpit. Such pain is described as burning. Typically, directional symptoms arise after the age of 40 years, cyclic and may occur in 30 to 40 years.
Teenagers 10-12 years old often feel soreness in the breast is a sign of the beginning of sexual development. At this age starts increasing the amount of estrogen produced in the female body, the formation of secondary sexual characteristics, including Breasts. Chest hurts, because the capsule of the gland begins to stretch, as a consequence, the connective tissue does not have time to grow just as quickly. There is pain because the mammary gland is constantly in by a strangled state. A sign of the beginning of sexual development are swollen nipples.
The reasons why women suffer breast cancer, may be different. For example, to cause an unpleasant symptom able the imbalance of fatty acids in the breast tissue, thereby increasing the sensitivity of cells to hormones. In addition, cyclic pain may be associated with administration of oral contraceptives or hormonal drugs, which help treat infertility. Cause soreness of the breast can serve as the progesterone and estrogen. This explains why some women have breast pain even in menopause, when they are forced to drink hormonal.
There were cases, when the pain in the mammary glands was caused by taking antidepressants. If it shoots and stabs in the chest, it is often associated with diseases of the circulatory system (coronary vessels). If you are experiencing stabbing sensations, you need to urgently consult a doctor. Below are described the most common reasons why sore Breasts in women.
Lactation is the period of formation of milk in women after childbirth to feed the baby. The Breasts of many girls is increased by 1-2 sizes, it becomes heavy (pour). During the first week of breastfeeding is sore nipples and Breasts. If your baby to breastfeed correctly on the nipple can have cracks. This leads to severe pain. Even with a correct latch baby, the pain is not pass, so this period is just to wait it out.
It is frequent, when before my period sore Breasts. The symptom is expressed not much, therefore it does not cause serious discomfort to the woman, but still has a negative impact on her General health. The cause of breast pain is a surge of the hormone progesterone. Under his influence the breast slightly increases and starts to pull, and body ache. This symptom occurs not all women, but only those who suffer from other symptoms of PMS – headaches, mood swings.
If my Boobs hurt when pressed – it may be the result of mechanical damage of the breast. The symptom often appears after an injury, intense athletic training, as a result of strong compression tight underwear caresses and rough during sex. In this case, no special care or treatment the breast is not required. The woman is more attentive to your body, choose a suitable size of lingerie and to prevent excessive pressure on the Breasts, notice partner.
If the chest is impossible to touch due to the sharp pain, it can be a symptom of inflammatory, infectious process in the breast. However, women often fever, weakness. With the inflammatory process sometimes give pain in the shoulder, stomach or armpits. They can be sharp, aching or shooting. In addition, the breast is sometimes sore as a result:
- thyroid disease;
- heart disease;
- the development of thoracic osteochondrosis;
- inflammation herpes zoster;
- of boils.
Women have acyclic pain is often due to mastitis. This is a disease in which in the breast have cystic growths. Mastopathy does not occur suddenly, but develops over many years. The cause of the disease are crashing hormones that have been stimulated:
- pathology of the thyroid gland;
- irregular sexual life and other reasons.
In the female breast are violated physiological processes. Epithelial tissue begins to grow and compress the processes of nerve endings. It becomes an obstruction to the normal outflow of secretion in the mammary glands. During the pathogenic process of the deformation of the lobules. In the presence of these symptoms should immediately visit the doctor:
- Palpation and palpation of the breast a woman finds solid seal (buds).
- The pain manifests as a burning sensation. Feel the fullness of the breast.
- Sometimes there are minor tingling.
Cyst of the breast
Fibroadenoma is a tumor-like formation, having a form of a capsule with a clear contour. Cyst of the breast characterized by breast pain, discharge of fluid from the nipple, presence of seals. Upon confirmation of the diagnosis the doctor prescribes surgery to remove the tumor. Because the cyst usually is benign, it does not damage breast tissue and only rarely develops into cancer.
In the first stage, the disease occurs without obvious symptoms. Later on the site of the tumour can appear bumps (like cellulite). Pain in breast cancer are similar to those of mastitis. To prevent the development of disease, a woman should have regular screening mammography. Other symptoms of cancer are:
- flaking of the nipple;
- change its shape;
- discharge from the breast;
- peeling of the skin;
- enlarged lymph nodes;
- the appearance of nodules and seals.
To what doctor to address, if my Boobs hurt
Discomfort in the chest area – a reason to consult a gynaecologist who if necessary will refer you to a breast physician or endocrinologist. To consult a doctor, if the pain does not go away after menstruation. It is time urgently to the doctor if the pain is severe and gradually increasing the level of. If the discomfort in one particular place, if it interferes with everyday activities or to wear the usual clothes, too, needed medical advice. Urgently call the doctor if along with other symptoms you have increased body temperature.
Video: Pain in the breast in women