What is the difference between the Kurds from the Turks?

The Kurds and the Turks have long lived in the neighborhood, and outside people can hardly distinguish one from another. Meanwhile, the only thing that unites these peoples, religion, and even then only partially. While Turks are Sunni Muslims, and the Ottoman Empire for several centuries was the main stronghold of Islam, Kurds have different beliefs, although most of them also Muslims. What is the difference between the Kurds from the Turks except for religion? Take a closer look.

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Between the Kurdish and Turkish languages have nothing in common. The Turkish language belongs to the Oguz subgroup of the Turkic languages, and its closest relatives are Gagauz the language spoken by the indigenous people living in Moldova and Odessa region of Ukraine, and one of the dialects of the Crimean Tatar language. A little further on went the Azerbaijani language, where a lot of loan words from Persian, although some linguists and it is considered a dialect of Turkish.

The difference of Kurds from the Turks that Kurdish language belongs to the Iranian language within the Indo-European family. Although the existence of a single Kurdish language – the subject of linguistic disputes. Most experts believe that it is correct to speak of the existence of the Kurdish language group, consisting of several languages:

  • Kurmanji;
  • Sorani;
  • kelhuri.

to contents ↑the Difference between Kurds and Turks

The Turks migrated to Asia Minor in historic times (late middle Ages), defeated the Byzantine Empire and made Constantinople his capital, giving him another name to Istanbul. Later the Ottoman Empire (the Turks called themselves Ottomans) has grown, bringing terror to European kingdoms. Even the Ottomans laid siege to Vienna – the capital of the powerful Austrian Empire, however, to take it could not. The Ottoman Empire fought against with another Empire, Russia, are gradually retreating and surrendering the territory captured earlier. In 1918, after the defeat in the First world war, the Ottoman Empire collapsed and new borders were defined mainly according to the Turkish resettlement of people (with some exceptions).

The Kurds, unlike Turks, never had their own state, always being part of others ‘ empires. After the First world war, when the territory of the Ottoman Empire and the middle East were redrawn arbitrarily by the European powers-winners, space for a Kurdish state in the new political map of the world again. As a result, the Kurds, more or less compactly living on adjacent territories of three countries – Turkey, Iraq and Syria have not become a unified nation from the point of view of the world. This was facilitated not only political, but also cultural differences. Kurds often had to defend their interests with weapons in their hands, so they in the middle East, is already notorious resilient and experienced warriors.

For the Turks the cement that holds the people in a single political nation, became Sunni Islam, but the Kurds are not so clear. Some of them, like the Turks, Sunni Muslims, the other part is living in the East of the national area, the Shia, and the third part is not a Muslim. These Kurds adhere to the yezidism is a syncretic religion, taking roots not only in Islam but also in Judaism, Christianity and even Zoroastrianism. Well, you can finish a conversation on the topic, what is the difference between Kurds and Turks. As you can see, the differences are much larger than the General.

to content ↑Comparative table

The Kurds
The Turks

A common language does not exist, correct to speak of the Kurdish language group that includes several languages: Kurmanji, Sorani, kelhuri. The whole group belongs to the Iranian languages of the Indo-European language family
A common language, which is part of the Oghuz group of the Turkic language family

Follow different madhhabs (movements in Islam) in the Sunni or the Shia. Part of the Yezid Kurds
Predominantly Sunni Muslims

The nuances of political history
Never had a nation state
Were the founders of the powerful Ottoman Empire after the First world war lost its hegemony

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