Immediately after birth the child tested by the school Apgar – checks for the presence of innate reflexes, heart rate, status and skin color, breathing, muscle tone. This check allows to judge about the physical development of the child and his nervous system.
The figure below 6 points mean that the child is weak and requires special care. The highest 10 points – the baby is healthy. More all reflexes of the newborn»s mom can check herself. In the absence of any reflex, it is necessary to tell the doctor at the examination.
The Babinski reflex is manifested in the following: if you hold the outer edge of the foot, the toes rastaplivaete.
The Babkin reflex is tested by pressing on the palm of the hand. In this case, he turns his head and opens his mouth.
Grasp reflex is reflected in the fact that the child firmly grips the finger, put it in the hands.
The Moro reflex acts, when the child is frightened: with a sharp loud sound he spreads their arms and legs.
Important for the child is the search reflex. If to stroke the cheek of the baby, then he turns his head in the direction of stroked cheek (this reflex can be used to help the newborn to find the breast). Immediately after that turn sucking reflex – the baby finds the breast and the mouth captures a nipple, sucking vigorously, but with small respites.
Swimming reflex occurs when the newborn lies on his tummy, doing swimming movements by hands and feet.
The walking reflex is manifested by slight to put the child on his feet and tilt forward a little – the baby moves legs, if walking.
Tonic neck reflex is expressed as follows, if the head is turned to the right, right arm and leg are straightened, the left arm is compressed, as the left leg.
Withdrawal Reflex occurs when stroking and tickling the upper body, with the baby otdelyvatsya feet, because it is a defensive reaction.
Due to innate reflexes a baby is adapted to the beginning of life. Eventually by the end of the first year of life almost all the reflexes fade away. This suggests that the child is developing in the simplest reflexes, come deliberate action.