The kidneys perform in the body metabolic, excretory, ionoregulatory and other functions and in case of violation of this organ is of great importance for the nutrition of the patient. In chronic renal failure – chronic renal failure diet involves the reduction of the volume of products that unnecessarily stresses the body and is primarily proteins.
What is the diet for CKD?
General principles of diet therapy are based on:
- the restriction of proteins to 20-70 g per day depending on the severity of the disease;
- the increase in the proportion of fats and carbohydrates;
- eating sufficient amount of fruits and vegetables;
- adjustment of volume enters the body of salt and water.
Eat a day protein should be half vegetable, half animal. Animal you can get from lean meat and fish and dairy products, and vegetable bread, nuts, legumes, cereals. The share of the latter in the diet should be increased, as they are rich in carbohydrates. Balabekova diet in CRF provides for the preparation of vegetarian soups, and limited dairy. You can bake, stew, boil and fry vegetables, to feast on sweets – fruit, berries, candies, marmalade, honey, jam, jelly, ice cream, etc. low-protein diet in CRF allows the use of 5-6 g of salt per day. The amount of liquid together with the first course should not exceed the daily amount of urine to 500 ml.
Forbidden to eat nourishing soups and fatty meats, smoked products, sausages, canned food, pickles, marinades, pickled vegetables and mushrooms, chocolate. Should abandon sauce and spices, strong drinks – coffee, cocoa, and alcohol. You can drink bicarbonate mineral water without gas and it is very important to consume food fractional 5-6 times a day. To improve the taste, it is not forbidden to spice dishes Laurel leaf, fennel, cinnamon, cloves, allspice, parsley.