What distinguishes the formation from forming?

Morphology and morphogenesis play important role. They make the language come alive and meaningful. Should be separated from each other these concepts. Consider what distinguishes the formation from forming.

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Definition

Word-formation – the acquisition of new words through the use of special techniques, existing in the language.

Morphogenesis is opposed to the word-formation process which involves the formation of different forms of individual words.

to contents ↑the Difference between formation and morphogenesis

There is the main criterion that allows to differentiate the concepts. It lies in the fact that with the help of word formation appear unit of language with new lexical meanings, and morphogenesis leads to other results. It does not involve changing the lexical meaning of the original word, but grammatical features become different. To better understand the difference between formation and formation, let’s dwell on each of them.

to contents ↑the Formation

Part of the ways of word formation is defined as morphological, since in these cases the morpheme are involved. In turn, morphologically words are formed in two ways. One of them is affixation, which is:

  • adding attachments: to walk, to go;
  • adding a suffix: tractor – tractor;
  • the simultaneous accession to the word (the basis of) prefix and suffix: the plan unplanned;
  • separation of a suffix from the basis (beneficii method): silence – silence.
  • Another morphological way of forming words – addition. Develop can:

  • the full transcript: sofa bed;
  • different bases: a chicken farm;
  • part of the foundations: the farm;
  • individual letters (abbreviation): theatre for young people.
  • Other methods of derivation are called Neorganicheskie. Let’s list them:

  • homonymy: the debt (that is refundable) – duty (duty to society);
  • transition words in other parts of speech: a brand-new (ADJ.) – brand new (am.);
  • fusion, i.e. combining elements of the phrase into a single lexical unit: the above-mentioned.
  • to content ↑Morphogenesis

    As stated previously, the difference between word formation from forming is that in the second case the words remains the same lexical meaning. Consider, whereby the formation of new forms.

    Most often changing the ending (draw – draw), often at the same time is added a preposition (village to village). In addition, used: formative suffixes (strong, stronger), the alternation in the root (to clean – to clean), change of basis (we – we), the bias stress (window (PL. hours) – at the window (singular)). Sometimes the word itself does not change, but added additional elements (to love – I will love).

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