Causes and treatment of adnexitis

Adnexitis is a frequent pathology in the genitals. If not treated, the inflammation becomes chronic, which can cause infertility.


Adnexitis is an inflammation of the fallopian tubes and then the ovaries. It can be unilateral or bilateral.

The inflammatory process always begins with the mucosa of the fallopian tubes. Over time, the lumen begins to accumulates serous fluid. Further infection of the fallopian tubes reach the ovary. Also inflammation of the fallopian tube and ovary is called salpingo. The danger of the disease consists in the formation of infertility.

Causes of adnexitis

Like other diseases adnexitis good reason. Poor personal hygiene, poor immunity, unprotected sex, hypothermia can all cause inflammation of the appendages.

The main pathogens include: Streptococcus, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and others. If adnexitis is destroyed the epithelium and the infiltration of the fallopian tubes by the products of vital activity of microorganisms.

The symptoms of adnexitis

Acute adnexitis occurs with malaise, elevation of temperature, pain in lower abdomen that radiates to lower back. Possible depression, irritability or insomnia.

Inflammation of the chronic form develops after an acute form of the disease. The main symptoms are periodic aching pain. They become stronger before and after menstruation. Symptoms of chronic adnexitis is considered to be dyspareunia (pain during sexual intercourse). The woman has no libido, disturbed function of the digestive and urinary system.

If exacerbated salpingo due to hypothermia, stress, or any disease, symptoms will be as in the acute form.

The treatment of inflammation of the appendages

Based on symptoms treatment with antibiotics, which correspond to the penicillin or cephalosporin group. The course lasts for 14 days, after which the inflammation passes. When inflammation of the appendages of complex shape required injections of broad-spectrum antibiotic. Appointed drugs that stop the growth of anaerobic bacteria. Treatment by surgery is necessary if there are purulent sacs.

It is important to remember, the sooner will begin treatment adneksita, the less losses will tolerate appendages. So, more chances will be for a pregnancy. At first symptoms it is important to consult a doctor.

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