How does the psyche

The mind works according to certain laws, these laws are described and verified in psychology. Particularly successful in this system the psychology. In the framework of the system of psychology we can distinguish three rules followed in its work psyche.

Как работает психика

Rule 1. In the psyche there is nothing superfluous.

Any feature, any symptom, any element in the psyche always performs any useful function. Not useful from the point of view of individual consciousness, but from the point of view of existence of the psyche, from the point of view of maintaining its integrity and life functioning. If something in your psyche or in your personality you think is useless or unnecessary, it means only one thing: you don’t see at the moment the function that something performs. Any habit serves an important purpose in our psychological life. Need to work on expanding the area of your consciousness to discover this task.

Rule 2. Most events happens to a person by chance.

There is a reason why a person undergoes certain events. The reason lies in man himself – in his psyche, in his personality, its psychological characteristics. In any event that a person is, the psyche an active role. Even if the man himself refuses to admit it. Our life is the result of our elections.

Rule 3. The mind does not passively reflect reality, but actively constructs it.

In experiments on the perception that carried out by the Gestalt psychologists, it has been proven that the mind does not simply reflect reality, like a mirror. The mind actively constructs it. For example, if you will show the outline of the circle drawn by the dotted line, you will still perceive the shape as a circle, not as a separate dash. This is the active role of the psyche in the perception of reality. If we do not have enough information, we think up it in accordance with our previous experience.

Rules 2 and 3 are interconnected with each other. The second rule deals with actions and events that happen in person. In the third rule focuses on the peculiarities of perception of events. Perception and action are interrelated, they are mutually reinforcing.

Here is a simple example. Suppose you went outside, and suddenly it began to rain.

  • In one case you get upset (perception), your mood will deteriorate, you will return home (action) and will worry that your plans never became reality (perception). The world will seem to you dull and not lived up to your expectations (perception).
  • In another case, you can rejoice in the rain (perception), put up an umbrella or even getting wet for your pleasure (action), your mood will be good and enthusiastic (perception). The world will seem full of surprises, your sense of oneness with nature aggravated (perception).
  • Both chains can continue indefinitely. So we ourselves create the mood, and regulate actions that, ultimately, affect the image of the world in which we live. «What we believe becomes reality».