Polio is one of the most insidious infectious disease that affects mostly children, and often very early — before the completion of 5 years. Because it may cause spinal paralysis and lead to disability and specific treatment of this disease does not exist, vaccination against it is required. But if you do not have time to do her child or the vaccine didn’t work completely and the child caught the virus, it is important to know what are the first symptoms of polio in children. Because this disease is insidious and carefully camouflaged.
The major symptoms of polio in children
The disease has two main forms: paralytic and nephriticus. In the latter case, the first symptoms of polio in children are usually related to:
- muscle pain – relaxation, or, conversely, the tension of the back muscles and neck;
- sudden increases in temperature, sometimes up to 39-40 degrees, which lasts up to 3 days or longer;
- pain in the larynx;
- vomiting and nausea;
- reduction of appetite.
The paralytic form of poliomyelitis prognosis is poor. Then pain in back and limbs followed by paralysis of certain muscles of the neck, body or arms and legs.
Symptoms of polio in children under one year is much like the above, but have their own characteristics. So, sometimes they are joined by a cough and a runny nose, the baby becomes lethargic and apathetic. Also symptoms of polio in babies include seizures. When not fast enough for assistance, they can even lead to death.
Sometimes the disease is vaccine-associated. Symptoms of polio in children after vaccination are considered, besides the abovementioned symptoms, a sharp decrease in muscle tone, up to paralysis. After that motor and muscular activity begins to recover, but complete regeneration may not occur.