Many people are afraid of doctors, especially surgeons and dentists. But as they say, «Not so devil as he is painted». In dentistry and surgery often before manipulation «give» anesthesia. For example, if you ever had a tooth pulled or the nerve was removed, we had to anesthetize the gums. This is the anesthesia, only local. Let’s try to make sense of safe anesthesia? The answer will depend on the type of anesthesia.
Varieties of anesthesia are many. There are even the so-called infiltration anesthesia. Usually, local anesthesia is less dangerous and toxic compared to the total. But there is only one complication – an allergic reaction. This type of anesthesia is very often used in dentistry. Because test the sensitivity of the hold fast or it may not even exist, then there is a high likelihood of anaphylactic shock.
This type of anesthesia causes more fear than common. This group includes spinal and epidural anesthesia. Perform the anesthesia needle Bira (12 cm). At the level of the lumbar vertebrae come directly into the spinal canal and the anesthetic is poured thither. This manipulation can be dangerous complications. Because obviously done Allergy test, the risk of losing the patient from anaphylactic shock is significantly reduced. In this type of anaesthesia carry out surgery on the pelvic area and legs, and also this possible anesthesia during delivery and C-section.
There are two types of General anesthesia: inhalation and noninhalation. They have their advantages and disadvantages, and therefore the consequences can be different.
Noninhalation anesthesia is simpler because the drug is injected into a vein and the person falls asleep. However, this type of anesthesia is not always possible to control. This is due to the fact that the same drug in different people acting in different ways. Depends on the duration of the drug and the residence time of a man in a dream. For example, the patient may Wake up during surgery. However, nowadays it happens quite rarely.
Inhalation anesthesia is safer and more manageable. But it is more toxic. Prior to the development of anesthesiology as a science, the majority of patients died on the operating table. This was due to the fact that doctors simply did not know the required dosage of air and exposure time. At this stage of the development of modern medicine such a death possible for 250 thousand patients.