What distinguishes idiom from the word?

Idioms make the language of the emotional variety. They have a lot in common with single words, but at the same time have their own exclusive features. What distinguishes idiom from the word? Will try to find out.

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Definition

Idiom – formed in the language combination of words that is distinguished by its stability. Examples: to swim, to twiddle, hand.

The word is the most important linguistic unit used for the naming of concrete objects and their characteristics, as well as expressing abstract concepts. Each word acts as an object belonging to a particular part of speech.

to contents ↑the Difference between idiom and word

So, on the one hand, phraseological units similar to words. Each of them has a lexical meaning (enough to swear means «little»). Some idioms have synonyms (old bird indicates what a piece of work – «people, through a lot the past, experienced») or antonyms (the opposite of an open heart with a stone in his bosom).

Phraseological units, like words, take on the role of specific members of the sentence («the Danger lurked at every step» – here the phrase is a fact). Another General symptom is reproducible, that is, the use of voice units in the form that has long existed in language and not create it each time by the will of the speaker.

However, there and what is the difference of idiom from the word. So, the phraseological unit – a more complex unit. If significant parts of individual words of a language are morphemes, the structural elements of the phrase are the words, stacked with each other according to the rules of grammar.

The design of a phraseological unit includes at least two words, and often more. And ordinary words in language have an independent value, and in the idiom they are deprived of their independence, and only in the aggregate represent a meaningful expression. In addition, in the idiom can be the items included, never used outside of this expression (upside down).

Consider also, what is the difference between phraseological unit and a word about their content and expressiveness. Here it should be said that idioms always Express some wisdom. They may contain jargon, dialect, or other kind of components. If we talk about words, some are neutral vocabulary, or are the employee, do not cause virtually any associations.

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