What distinguishes jargon from slang?

While communicating, people often flavoured it kind of words and phrases representing the jargon or slang. Between these options vocabulary it is difficult to draw a clear line, but still in some moments you can see the difference. So, what distinguishes jargon from slang?

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General information

Jargon – specific words and phrases that are originally in communication associated with one’s profession, social status, or have other common interests. The aim of using jargon is not only an expression of their belonging to a particular group and giving a speech, expressiveness, and accelerate communication and understanding. Because many of the words for the official instructions can bring significant convenience to business talk of professionals.

The jargon originated from the literary language. Vocabulary undergoes reinterpretation, metaphorization, reduction and other changes. Examples of jargon: parade – dress (army jargon), the skier is patient, leaning on a crutch (medical jargon), lean – to be free (prison slang). According to the degree of openness for the entire linguistic community jargon occupies an intermediate niche between «secret» Argo, serving the interests of narrow circles, and slang.

Slang, popular vocabulary, does not meet the requirements of the language and often in varying degrees, familiar. Emotional coloring of such words and phrases can range from playful and friendly to dismissive and cynical. Slang mainly used in a situation of easy communication. Examples of slang: to get bored, to the point is to understand the mortality is great. Often slang vocabulary supplemented by reference to other languages. For example, in the word «attack» (mad) can be traced vaguely borrowing from English speech.

to contents ↑the Difference between jargon and slang

Thus, jargon is characterized by a more rigid social and group orientation. Some of this vocabulary has to do with specific terminology, understandable only to some people. The difference between jargon of slang is that jargon words appear in a particular group, often in connection with some innovations, developments. Slang, in addition to its derivation often derives its material from the jargon of different groups of society, selecting the most common and popular. On the basis of this slang is sometimes called the common jargon.

It should be noted that special word, penetrating the sphere of communication of a particular group of people in common speech, often a few change their original value. For example, the «six» in some circles referred to as the one who ministered to the thieves. In ordinary language, this word can contemptuously be called any little person.

Slang, thanks to its lightness and mobility, is more associated with youth speech, but the great popularity it enjoys and older people. In General, compared with slang, slang is more mass. His social limitations, though present, but is quite blurred. Carriers of the same slang can be people of different professions and educational status, having a criminal record and quite decent and intelligent.

What is the difference between jargon and slang? Jargon – something more established, many of the words in it are very old. Slang largely tied to the current historical time. He is very sensitive to what is happening in society changes and accurately reflects the latest trends in trendy new vocabulary.

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