Among the organizations that played the most important role in the development of international relations in the modern period of history — the League of Nations and the UN. What is their specificity? What distinguishes the League of Nations from the UN?
The content of the article
- Facts about the League of Nations
- Facts about the UN
- The difference between the League of Nations and UN
- Comparison table
Facts about the League of Nations
The League of Nations is an international organization formed in 1920. It was formed following the First world war, subject to the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles. The total number of States members of the League of Nations came to 58. This organization was established in order to:
- security in the world;
- the formation of the international environment for disarmament;
- create conditions for the settlement of disputes between countries through diplomatic channels;
- improve the standard of living of the population.
The headquarters of the League of Nations was located in Geneva, Switzerland.
According to many researchers, the concept of the League of Nations was the principle of determining the world order of the victorious powers in the First world war, and this could contribute to the formation of a unipolar world.
The League of Nations formally existed until 1946. The actual succeeded by a new international organization — the United Nations, which was already by that time established. Examine its specificity.
to content ↑Facts about the UN
So, the League of Nations was dissolved in 1946, but by that time in the international arena was attended by an influential new entity — the United Nations. This structure was established, in principle, the same purpose as the League of Nations, but according to the results of the completed stages of the Second world war, and the political processes that took place in the world at that time.
The principles of the new organization were to be quite different than in the case of the League of Nations. As we noted above, the structure of the League of Nations contributed to the formation of a unipolar world and, as some argue, inequality in international relations, the emergence of new potentials for conflict which occurred. Therefore, the leading powers of the world decided to establish a structure taking into account those shortcomings, which were made during the organization of the League of Nations.
A leading role in creating the UN has played a countries of an Antihitlerite coalition. It is noteworthy that in 1942, in the midst of the Second world war, countries signed the Declaration by United Nations, which has become one of the documents on the basis of which was subsequently actually established by the United Nations.
One of the main principles of the UN was the equality of the participants. It was assumed that it stimulates the desire of States to collaborate towards establishing collective security.
However, in the structure of UN it was decided to establish the institution of permanent membership in the Security Council. And States who have become permanent members of the UN security Council (USA, UK, USSR and China), received in some respects more authority than ordinary members of the organization. In particular, the right to veto decisions of the UN security Council. In turn, the League of Nations with the corresponding right possessed by all States.
Key founding document of the UN — Charter — was signed in June 1945 by representatives of 50 countries of the world. Subsequently, the UN has begun to enter a new state. Today there are very few countries outside the United Nations.
The headquarters of the UN since the founding of this organization is located in new York.
to contents ↑the Difference between the League of Nations and UN
The main difference between the League of Nations from the UN is that the first organization was formed at the end of the First world war, and the second at the conclusion of hostilities in Europe, held next global conflict.
In General, the main tasks of institutions of both organizations are the same — the maintenance of world peace, disarmament, humanitarian issues. However, there are significant differences between the League of Nations and the UN from the point of view of the principles of organization of work of each structure.
What is the difference between the League of Nations and the UN, we can clearly be displayed using a small table.
to content ↑Comparative table
The League Of Nations
What is common between them?
Both organizations — on a global scale, have been established to ensure international security
What is the difference between them?
Existed from 1920 to 1946
Was established in 1945, still exists today
The headquarters was located in Geneva
The headquarters is located in new York
Created after the First world war
Created after the end of hostilities on the European front of world war II
According to the researchers, the work of the League of Nations contributed to the building of a unipolar world and the leadership of the victorious powers in the First world war
The work of the UN is organized based on the principles of equality of all the participating countries except for such aspects as the possibility of veto by the permanent members of the UN security Council to accept the UNSC decision