What distinguishes literary language from the spoken?

People can communicate with each other using spoken or written language. What are the specifics of each of them? What distinguishes literary language from the spoken?

The content of the article

What is literary language?

Under the literary is commonly understood as the language used most frequently in journalism, the media and other official communication channels of the state. Its characteristics — commonality and obligation of rules and regulations use of words, grammar, spelling.

Literary language often relies on a single dialect (the one that is most likely to be understood by speakers of all regions of the state) or created on the basis of several common dialects.

It should be noted that the literary language used in the state, may not necessarily be native to its inhabitants and even to refer to one language group with the dialects spoken by the citizens. For example, in times of medieval Europe Latin was the language used as a literary not only in Rome, Italian and the romance countries, but also, for example, in Slavic, German-speaking countries and political unions.

to contents ↑What is spoken language?

Under spoken is the language most commonly used by people in everyday communication. In spoken language there are no strict rules and norms characteristic of literary speech. Although, of course, they are able to exert a strong influence on the formation of dialects and practice regularly observed in the spoken language. A waiver may be perceived as an indicator of the insufficient education of the person.

Unlike literary language, in General, uniform throughout the state, often colloquially represented by a set of historically established dialects spoken by the people in specific regions (and not always fully comprehensible to people from other parts of the state). But one of the main criteria of spoken language is still intelligible for most citizens, at least at the level of key phrases. It is very rare that the country is becoming spoken language, which differs greatly from historically used by people of dialects (but literary, as we noted above, it is able to be so).

to contents ↑the Difference between literary and spoken language

The main difference between literary language from the spoken that the former contains uniform and common rules and norms. It is usually constructed based on the most widespread dialect or considering the features of several dialects so that it was understood as the largest possible number of citizens. But sometimes the literary language of the state is very different from spoken and not even same language group.

Spoken language in the country is often represented by a set of dialects, sometimes very different from each other. But people usually try to communicate in dialects, which are generally understood by the inhabitants of most regions.

Defining the difference between literary and spoken language, fix its basic criteria in the table.

to content ↑Comparative table

Literary language
Spoken language

What is common between them?

Literary language can be based on any spoken dialect or multiple dialects and spoken — experience the strong influence of literary language

What is the difference between them?

Has accepted the rules and regulations of the use of words, grammar, spelling
Has well-established standards of use of words within a certain dialect, which can differ from the literary language, and those dialects that are common in other regions of the state

Despite the fact that literary language is aimed at ensuring mutually comprehensible communication in the state, it may be different with the people’s language and even relate to a different language group
As a rule, formed starting from the most understandable to the masses of citizens and because, in most cases, is a language group with folk dialects

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