Inflammation of the salivary glands: symptoms, causes and treatment of sialadenitis

Even a small child knows that mouth we salivate for processing food. But which organs synthesize this secret, know only a few adults, which is very sad. Glands that produce saliva may become inflamed, creating difficulties in swallowing food, discomfort, and pain. Learn what symptoms are accompanied with inflammation of the salivary glands and how to treat this ailment.

What is sialoadenitis

Studying the anatomy, you can see that in the jaw of every man there are three pairs of salivary glands and many small salivary ducts. Due to different inflammatory processes working glands can be broken. This inflammation in medicine is called sialoadenitis. The disease often occurs as a complication to an underlying disease. More inflamed one gland, but when running the form of possible multiple lesions.

The symptoms of inflammation of the salivary glands

Common signs of inflammatory process of the salivary glands, regardless of their location, are:

  • pain in region of root of tongue when swallowing or making chewing movements;
  • swelling of the face or neck in the affected area;
  • high body temperature (39-40 degrees);
  • a violation of taste perception.

After some time, there are other symptoms of sialadenitis, which depend on the type of salivary glands. In the photo you can see the symptoms of sialadenitis.

Parotid

The parotid glands are the largest, the mass of each is from 20 to 30 g. They are located in the area of the face between the cheekbone and lower jaw. The first signs of the disease appear 7-10 days after infection and are accompanied by headache, fever, General weakness. The main symptom of inflammation, is the occurrence of swelling (which increases rapidly) in the area of the ear. The patient feels severe discomfort, pain during eating; as a result, appetite decreases, and it can start bowel disorders.

Submandibular

This type of glands is placed just below the posterior teeth, under the jaw, has small dimensions, the mass of each body is 14-16 g. If the salivary duct, has formed a stone, the disease is accompanied by a bursting pain in the tongue and floor of the mouth, by secretion of viscous saliva with pus or mucus. As a result, generation of the secret may completely cease. As the flow of saliva slows down, submandibular salivary gland increases during eating, and then decreases.

Sublingual

Salivary glands located under the mucous membrane of the mouth, on both sides of the tongue. They are the smallest of the three pairs, with each body having a mass of not more than 5 years Often inflammation under the tongue is held simultaneously with inflammation of the submandibular gland. The disease is accompanied by an unpleasant taste in the mouth, impaired taste, swelling of tongue and sensation of painful swelling beneath him, pain when opening the mouth.

The cause of the inflammation

For proper diagnosis you must determine the factors in the emergence of pathology. The main reasons are:

  • penetration into the ducts of the salivary glands viral infection (pneumonia, flu);
  • organ that produce saliva, bacteria (pneumococci, staphylococci, streptococci); as a result, decreases the immune system;
  • operation;
  • trauma and blockage of the ducts due to the ingress of foreign bodies (hair, lint toothbrush, peel fruit);
  • a weakened immune system.

Clonakenny disease

This inflammation is characterized by formation of stones in the salivary ducts. Slankamenac often the disease occurs in the ducts of the sublingual and submandibular glands. The causes of pathology can be:

  • the consequence of the mechanical effects on the body, its injury;
  • congenital anatomical features of the structure of the salivary ducts, which lead to stagnation of saliva and the formation of stones;
  • an overabundance or shortage of vitamin A;
  • violation of calcium metabolism.

Obstruction of the salivary glands

Stagnation or blocking the normal flow of saliva occurs in large glands (submandibular, parotid). The disease is accompanied by painful sensations during the meal. The factors causing the blockage of the gland are:

  • dehydration;
  • poor diet;
  • the damage to the organs that secrete saliva;
  • stone in the salivary gland;
  • taking certain psychotropic and antihistamine drugs.

Cancer

This pathology occurs very seldom and poorly understood in medicine. Cancer often affects men and women older than 50 years. At an early stage, the disease is without symptoms, after some time, the malignant tumor starts to grow, it becomes noticeable. When the late discovery treatment prognosis may be unfavorable. Exact causes of such malignancies are not defined. It is believed that at risk people who have trauma to the salivary glands or abused by Smoking.

Cyst

Testoobraznoj benign tumor often occurs on the mucous membrane of the cheeks and lower lip, can sometimes appear on the tongue. The causes of cysts include:

  • mechanical damage, injury;
  • a lack of hygiene of the oral cavity;
  • bad habits and poor diet;
  • scarring, narrowing of the salivary channel;
  • infection affecting the mouth and teeth.

Other diseases of salivary glands

Other frequently occurring diseases in which inflammation of iron include:

  • epidemic parotitis (mumps) is an infectious disease;
  • benign (pleomorphic adenoma and tumor Martina) and malignant (adenocarcinoma, adenomatosis cancer) tumors;
  • xeroderma or Sjogren’s syndrome
  • the flu-like saladini;
  • calculous sialoadenitis;
  • acute sialoadenitis;
  • salivary gland disease.

Treatment

It is strongly recommended to self-medicate at home, it can cause serious complications. Depending on the form and stage of inflammation of the salivary glands, the doctor defines the methods of therapy:

  1. In acute lesions, an antibiotic is prescribed.
  2. If there is pus accumulation, it is recommended surgery. Need to make cuts and perform the removal of pus.
  3. Chronic inflammation requires a holistic treatment that includes diet, to increase salivation, immunostimulating and anti-inflammatory therapy.
  4. In the initial stages of the disease apply conservative therapy and as an adjunct to her treatment of folk remedies (mouthwash, decoctions, infusions). Mouthwash can be used citric acid and soda solutions.

To determine the type of disease, a doctor can be assigned the following methods of diagnosis:

  • computed tomography;
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging);
  • Ultrasound of the salivary glands.

To what doctor to address

Many do not know what kind of doctor treats sialoadenitis. The first thing you need to make sure that you do not epidemic parotitis (mumps). Diagnose this viral disease, infectious diseases. Treatment of other inflammations of the salivary glands is held by the dentist or therapist. In case of complications or accumulation of pus, formation of stones in the salivary ducts need surgery that will be done by the surgeon.

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